But he insisted his relationship with Kim Jong-un remained "very good" and said he was not considering resuming joint military exercises on the Korean Peninsula that Pyongyang considers "provocative."
Trump's refusal to direct criticism at Kim and instead blame other parties for a lack of progress comes despite reports the US received a belligerent letter from Pyongyang, which prompted Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to cancel a planned trip to North Korea last weekend.
"China makes it much more difficult in terms of our relationship with North Korea," Trump said at the White House, though he insisted his ties with Chinese President Xi Jinping were "great."
He also noted his "fantastic relationship" with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, whom he met in Singapore in June.
"Part of the North Korea problem is caused by the trade disputes with China," Trump said.
Beijing is Pyongyang's sole major ally, and the main transit country for any goods entering the North. Trump said that China – angered by US moves on trade – is no longer being as tough as it could be on North Korea.
"We know that China is providing North Korea with considerable aid, including money, fuel, fertilizer and various other commodities. This is not helpful!" he tweeted on Wednesday evening.
STATEMENT FROM THE WHITE HOUSE President Donald J. Trump feels strongly that North Korea is under tremendous pressure from China because of our major trade disputes with the Chinese Government. At the same time, we also know that China is providing North Korea with... — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 29, 2018 ...considerable aid, including money, fuel, fertilizer and various other commodities. This is not helpful! Nonetheless, the President believes that his relationship with Kim Jong Un is a very good and warm one, and there is no reason at this time to be spending large amounts... — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 29, 2018 ...of money on joint U.S.-South Korea war games. Besides, the President can instantly start the joint exercises again with South Korea, and Japan, if he so chooses. If he does, they will be far bigger than ever before. As for the U.S.–China trade disputes, and other... — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 29, 2018 ...differences, they will be resolved in time by President Trump and China’s great President Xi Jinping. Their relationship and bond remain very strong. — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 29, 2018
On the subject of military exercises, which the US suspended as a "good faith" measure following Trump's summit with Kim, the president said "there is no reason at this time to be spending large amounts of money on joint U.S.-South Korea war games" though added these could resume if the need arose.
It came a day after Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said the Pentagon was not planning to suspend any more military drills, before appearing to backtrack on Wednesday by insisting "no decisions" had been made on the matter.
Trump also reiterated his wish to fundamentally alter the trade status quo between the United States and China, the world's top two economies.
He said he needed to take a tough stance with Beijing on trade "because it was really not fair to our country," criticizing his predecessors who "closed their eyes" to the issue.
In June, Trump and Kim pledged to work toward the "complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula."
But those efforts stalled several weeks ago, and last week, Trump ordered Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to cancel a planned trip to Pyongyang.
Pompeo said Tuesday, August 28, that Washington remains ready to engage "when it is clear that Chairman Kim stands ready to deliver on the commitments that he made at the Singapore summit to President Trump to completely denuclearize North Korea."
According to the Washington Post, Pyongyang sent Pompeo a belligerent letter that prompted him to cancel the visit, though its precise contents were not known.
US news site Vox meanwhile reported Trump at June's summit pledged to sign a declaration ending the Korean War, and now the two countries remain deadlocked over who will follow through on their commitment first.
On Wednesday, State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert told reporters that Washington believes "denuclearization has to take place before we get to other parts," confirming that included such a declaration. – Rappler.com