Duterte’s 1st EO: Simpler, faster anti-poverty services

Pia Ranada

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Duterte’s 1st EO: Simpler, faster anti-poverty services


12 agencies are placed under the supervision of Cabinet Secretary Leoncio Evasco Jr, who will have the power to 'evaluate existing poverty reduction programs' and streamline them

'RESPONSIVE GOVERNMENT.' President Rodrigo Duterte holds his first Cabinet meeting at the Aguinaldo State Dining Room of the Malacañang Palace on June 30, 2016.

MANILA, Philippines – Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s first executive order aims to streamline agencies that deal with poverty reduction by placing them under the supervision of Cabinet Secretary Leoncio Evasco Jr.

Executive Order Number 1 – “Reengineering the Office of the President Towards Greater Responsiveness to the Attainment of Development Goals” – puts 12 agencies under Evasco.

These agencies are:

  • Cooperative Development Authority
  • Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
  • National Anti-Poverty Commission
  • National Commission on Indigenous Peoples
  • National Commission on Muslim Filipinos
  • National Food Authority
  • National Youth Commission
  • Office of the President-Presidential Action Center
  • Philippine Commission on Women
  • Philippine Coconut Authority
  • Presidential Commission on the Urban Poor
  • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

According to the EO, Evasco is given the task of supervising the 12 agencies as they “evaluate existing poverty reduction programs and, if deemed necessary, formulate a more responsive set of programs complementing existing ones, channeling resources as necessary to reduce both the incidence and magnitude of poverty.”

Read Executive Order No. 1 here:

Under Evasco, the agencies will also develop “specific programs and projects that seek to reduce poverty, improve the lives of the most vulnerable sectors of society.”

Another key aspect of the streamlining process is to improve the “responsiveness” of the 12 agencies.

The agencies are instructed to “conduct consultations with LGUs (local government untis) for the proper allocation of resources and program implementation” and “recommend courses of action for the government.”

The EO was not clear on the status of some of the agencies with regards to their placement under other clusters or departments. For instance, it is not clear if the EO means the NFA and PCA will not be transferred back to the Department of Agriculture (DA).

Former president Benigno Aquino III transferred the NFA, PCA, and two other agricultural agencies to the Office of the President from the DA.

New Agriculture Secretary Manny Piñol, however, has asked President Duterte for the agencies to be transferred back to the DA.

This first EO appears to be the first manifestation of Duterte’s professed desire to eliminate redundancies in government processes which he emphasized in his inaugural speech. (FULL TEXT: President Rodrigo Duterte’s inaugural speech)

Duterte has often said he hates seeing Filipinos lining up in front of government offices. 

The beginning of the EO says the attainment of national development goals requires the “efficient, responsive, and just allocation of resources by eliminating duplication or overlapping of common functions.”

File photo of Leoncio 'Jun' Evasco Jr by Manman Dejeto/Rappler

It’s not surprising that Duterte has chosen to give Evasco these streamlining powers over the agencies. Evasco has been Duterte’s trusted man ever since his first term as Davao City mayor. Evasco, a former New People’s Army rebel, served as Duterte’s chief of staff during this time.

Evasco, former mayor of Maribojoc town in Bohol, was also Duterte’s campaign manager during the last presidential election. Through the years, he has become one of Duterte’s few trusted advisers.

In a previous interview, Evasco told Rappler that, if given the chance to serve national government, he wanted to focus on anti-poverty programs. – Rappler.com

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Pia Ranada

Pia Ranada is Rappler’s Community Lead, in charge of linking our journalism with communities for impact.