‘Have a deadly Christmas’? House subpanel OKs death penalty bill

Mara Cepeda

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‘Have a deadly Christmas’? House subpanel OKs death penalty bill
Members of the subcommittee on judicial reforms choose between death penalty for all heinous crimes and death penalty only for drug-related crimes. The former wins.

MANILA, Philippines – The justice panel’s subcommittee on judicial reforms of the House of Representatives approved on Tuesday, November 29, a bill seeking to reimpose capital punishment for all heinous crimes. 

Subcommittee chairperson Vicente Veloso moved that the members vote between House Bill Number 1, which calls for the reinstatement of the death penalty for all heinous crimes, and a substitute bill that limits the reimposition only on violations against the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002. 

A total of 6 lawmakers favored HB Number 1, while 5 opted for the substitute bill. Two congressmen refused to participate in the vote because they do not support the reimposition of the death penalty. 

HB Number 1 Substitute bill Voted neither bills

1. Robert Ace Barbers, Surigao del Norte 2nd District

2. Fredenil Castro, Capiz 2nd District

3. Arturo Defensor Jr, Iloilo 3rd District

4. Sharon Garin, AAMBIS-OWA

5. Alfredo Garbin Jr, AKO Bicol

6. Aurelio Gonzalez Jr, Pampanga 3rd District

1. Luis Campos, Makati 2nd District

2. Eugene de Vera, Art Business and Science Professionals

3. Roger Mercado, Southern Leyte

4. Victoria Noel, An Waray

5. Eric Singson, Ilocos Sur 2nd District


1. Lawrence Fortun, Agusan del Norte 1st District

2. Ramon Rocamora, Siquijor

Prior to the vote on Tuesday, the judicial reforms subpanel had conducted public consultations with various sectors to get their stand on bringing back capital punishment in the country. 

HB 1 is set to be brought before the rest of the members of the justice committee, who will then decide if the bill will be sponsored at the plenary floor or not.

Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez, one of the co-authors of HB 1, is hoping that the House of Representatives will pass the death penalty bill on 3rd and final reading by December. (READ: Death penalty method? ‘Whatever is cheaper’ – Alvarez)

The measure is one of the priority bills of President Rodrigo Duterte, who counts more than 250 congressmen as his allies.

The Philippines was the first Asian country to abolish the death penalty under the 1987 Constitution, but it was reimposed during the administration of President Fidel Ramos to address the rising crime rate.

During the term of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, now Pampanga congresswoman, the Philippines signed the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty. Capital punishment was eventually abolished under her watch in 2006.

Human rights groups and some lawmakers have objected to the reimposition of capital punishment in the country, saying it is not a deterrent to crime. (READ: Lawmakers urged to reject revival of death penalty)

‘Have a deadly Christmas?’

For Albay 1st Distirct Representative Edcel Lagman, the approval of the death penalty bill at the subcommittee level is the beginning of the House leadership’s alleged “railroading” of the passage of the measure into law. 

“The railroading has started and they hope to reach the terminal before the Christmas break,” Lagman said in a press conference.

“In short, the mesage of the House leadership is this: ‘Have a deadly Christmas,'” he added.

Lagman said the presence of ex-officio members, like deputy speakers Castro, Garcia, and Garin during a meeting of a House subcommittee should be considered suspicious.

“We noticed this would be happening that once ex-officio members of the House would descend on a committee meeting, this horde of ex-officio members would be delivering the mission from the leadership of the House,” said Lagman.

He also blasted the subcommittee for terminating its invitation for other resource persons to attend the hearing on Tuesday, saying that the past public consultations still left several questions on the death penalty unanswered.

Lagman also asked Veloso during the meeting why the subpanel was able to draft a substitute bill when a committee report has not been issued. 

Veloso said that the committee report will only come after HB 1 has been brought before the other members of the justice committee.

“We are supposed to deliberate on the bills at hand. That report will be the cart that would follow the horse. The horse [is this] – let us now deliberate on the pending bills, choose which to adopt, and we will be voting on it. And then we submit our report thereafter to the mother committee,” said Veloso. – Rappler.com

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Mara Cepeda

Mara Cepeda specializes in stories about politics and local governance. She covers the Office of the Vice President, the Senate, and the Philippine opposition. She is a 2021 fellow of the Asia Journalism Fellowship and the Reham al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship of the UN. Got tips? Email her at mara.cepeda@rappler.com or tweet @maracepeda.