Duterte’s Con-Com eyes 17 regions, plus NCR, in planning federalism shift

Camille Elemia
The setup will 'provide better perspective on how to merge regions later on or how to strengthen existing regions,' says subcommittee vice chairman Edmund Tayao

FEDERALISM. The Consultative Committee on revising the Constitution eyes 17 federated regions and the National Capital Region as federal capital. Photo by Camille Elemia/Rappler

MANILA, Philippines – The consultative committee (Con-Com) created by President Rodrigo Duterte to propose revisions to the 1987 Constitution has agreed on a starting point for the federalism discussions: there will be 17 federated regions and the National Capital Region, the proposed federal capital. (READ: Federalism pros and cons – in artworks)

Edmund Tayao, vice chairman of the subcommittee on the creation and structure of the subnational governments, said this would “provide better perspective on how to merge regions later on or how to strengthen existing regions.”

The list of 17 federated regions outside NCR include the present regions and reinstates the Negros Island Region recently abolished by Duterte: 

  1. Ilocos Region
  2. Cagayan Valley
  3. Central Luzon
  4. Calabarzon
  5. Mimaropa
  6. Bicol Region
  7. Western Visayas
  8. Negros Island Region
  9. Eastern Visayas
  10. Central Visayas
  11. Zamboanga Peninsula
  12. Northern Mindanao
  13. Davao Region
  14. Soccksksargen
  15. Caraga
  16. Cordillera Administrative Region
  17. Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Tayao said the 17+1 proposal is politically feasible because “no one will feel threatened that their powers and functions are suddenly clipped.”

There would also be opt-in or opt-out provisions, which will allow provinces to identify which federated region they would join, based on proximity and political consolidation.

On Wednesday, April 25, Duterte’s Con-Com consulted the country’s economic managers on how best to configure “economically viable” federated regions.

Among those who attended were Socioeconomic Planning Undersecretary Rosemarie Edillon, Finance Undersecretary Bayani Agabin, Department of Budget and Management Director Leila Magda Rivera, and Philippine Institute for Development Studies president Celia Reyes, among others.

Also present were Office of the Cabinet Secretary Assistant Secretary Marlon Broto and Interior and Local Government Assistant Secretary and federalism campaign chief Jonathan Malaya.

Con-Com earlier came up with indicators – called RISE UP or Readiness Index for Sustainable Economies Under PH-ederalism – to determine how each province is ready for the shift. They assigned a value or index to each indicator and had it checked by PIDS.

The Con-Com’s indicators include the following:

From Prof Tayao's presentation

PIDS, for its part, questioned some indicators and suggested new ones. The Con-Com will now wait for the updated indices from the PIDS before plotting regional division under the proposed Charter. – Rappler.com

Camille Elemia

Camille Elemia is Rappler's lead reporter for media, disinformation issues, and democracy. She won an ILO award in 2017. She received the prestigious Fulbright-Hubert Humphrey fellowship in 2019, allowing her to further study media and politics in the US. Email camille.elemia@rappler.com