MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – Voting 19-1-0, the Senate of the Philippines on Tuesday, March 24, approved on third and final reading a measure that would give President Rodrigo Duterte 30 special powers to deal with the coronavirus outbreak in the country.
Senate Bill (SB) No. 1418, the substitution bill, “cured” the unconstitutional provisions of the SB 1413, which initially sought to realign any appropriations in the executive branch to be used for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) measures.
Technically, there were 20 senators who “cast” their votes, with 8 of them doing so through phone call. But officially, the affirmative votes of the 12 senators who were at the plenary will be counted. The rest will still be on Senate records.
Still, only Senator Risa Hontiveros voted against the measure through phone call. Senator Francis Pangilinan, meanwhile, voted yes “with serious reservations.” Senate Minority Leader Franklin Drilon, Senator Imee Marcos, Senator Aquilino Pimentel III, and Senator Leila de Lima were not able to “vote” even through phone call.
Under the approved bill, Senate would give Duterte “authority subject to limitations” granted by the special powers listed in the measure.
The controversial budgetary provision on SB 1413 which allows the President to “reprogram, reallocate, and realign from any appropriations” now reads under SB 1418 as “reprogram, reallocate, and realign from savings on other items of appropriations” in the 2020 budget of the executive branch.
Only savings are allowed by law to augment funding in the existing items in the budget. (READ: Heal as one? Why Duterte’s special budget powers bill may be unconstitutional)
SB 1418 also identified which departments and programs would receive additional funding from savings. These include the following:
- Department of Health
- University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital
- National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund
- Department of Labor and Employment, particularly Tulong Panghanapbuhay sa Ating Disadvantaged/Displaced Workers and COVID-19 Adjustment Measures Program
- Department of Trade and Industry, on Livelihood Seeding Program and Negosyo Serbisyo sa Barangay
- Department of Agriculture, on Rice Farmers Financial Assistance Program
- Department of Social Welfare and Development programs
- Allocations to local government units
- Quick response funds in relevant departments
The approved bill would also amend Section 67 of the General Provisions of the 2020 General Appropriations Act, which defines “savings.” It would allow the projects – which purposes were abandoned to be used for COVID-19 measures – to be funded in the next two fiscal years.
SB 1418 would also grant Duterte the power to “direct the operation” of any privately-owned hospitals, medical and health facilties, and other establishments and passenger vessels to ferry frontliners, only when the public interest requires.
Here are the other special powers:
- Adopt and implement measures to prevent or suppress further transmission and spread of COVID-19 through effective education, detection, protection, and treatment
- Streamline the accreditation of testing kits, facilitate the prompt testing of persons under investigation and persons under monitoring, and immediate isolation and treatment of patients
- Ensure all local government units are “acting in line” with the rules set by the national government
- Continue to enforce measures against hoarding, profiteering, manipulation of prices, and other acts that would affect the supply and distribution of food and other goods
- Ensure there will be no delays in the donation, acceptance, and distribution of health products necessary to fight COVID-19
- Undertake “in the most expeditious manner” procurement of goods like protective gear for health workers, testing kits, medical supplies; goods and services for social amelioration measures for affected communities; lease of real property for use of health workers or to serve as quarantine centers; construction of temporary medical facilities; utilities, telecommunications, and other critical services in relation to the operation of quarantine centers and other medical services
- Engage the services of humanitarian agency Philippine Red Cross
- Hire temporary human resources for health
- Lower lending rates of interest and reserve requirements of lending institutions
- Liberalize grants for incentives of manufacture or importation of supplies needed to address the pandemic
- Require businesses to prioritize and accept contract for services that would help fight COVID-19
- Regulate and limit the operation of all forms of land, sea, and air transportation
- Regulate traffic on all roads and bridges
- Authorize alternative working arrangements for employees in the executive branch and, if necessary, other branches of government, constitutional bodies, and the private sector
- Regulate the distribution of power, fuel, energy, and water
- Move statutory deadline and timelines for the filing of any document, payment of taxes and fees, and the grant of any benefit
- Direct all banks and other financial institutions like the Government Service Insurance System, Social Security System, and Pag-ibig Fund to implement a 30-day grace period for loan payments
- Provide 30-day grace period for the payment of residential rents falling during the enhanced community quarantine
- Implement an “expanded and enhanced” Pantawid Pamilya Program
- Lifting of the 30% cap on the quick response fund
- Undertake such other measures “as may be reasonable and necessary” to respond to the pandemic
The House of Representatives approved the counterpart measure of the bill on final reading late Monday, just before midnight, giving the President 25 special powers similar to the Senate version, save for the lifting of the QRF cap.
If the House decides to adopt the Senate version, a bicameral conference committee would no longer be convened, and the bill will be sent to Malacañang for the President’s signature.
If signed by the President, the bill would grant 18 million low-income households in the country an emergency cash assistance worth P5,000 to P8,000, depending on the prevailing minimum wage in the region.
It would also give public and private health workers who would be severely infected by the virus a compensation of P100,000. Families of those who contracted the virus and died while on the line of duty would receive P1 million, effective retroactively.
Health workers would also receive a “special COVID-19 risk allowance,” on top of their regular hazard pay, if the bill is signed into law.
The marathon Senate session on Monday started at around 10 am, but quorum was officially declared past 12 noon, when Senator Richard Gordon arrived.
SB 1418 was sponsored at around 7 pm, and was approved on second reading as well as on third and final reading nearly 6 hours after.
Senate President Vicente Sotto III “stopped the lock” when it reached midnight on Tuesday, which meant that even if the bill was passed on final reading past 1 am, on records it was officially approved 11:59 pm Monday.
The House later adopted the Senate bill past 3 am Tuesday.
As of Monday, the Philippines has 462 confirmed cases of the novel coronavirus, with 33 deaths and 18 recoveries. The Medical City in Pasig City accounted for 18 confirmed cases and 3 deaths.
The global death toll has reached 15,189, with 5,476 of the fatalities in Italy and 3,270 in China (excluding Hong Kong and Macau). The number of cases worldwide has risen to 341,300, with 81,093 cases in China and 59,138 cases in Italy. The virus has spread to 174 countries. – with a report from Agence France-Presse/Rappler.com