MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – President Rodrigo Duterte has ordered the deployment of more soldiers and police to the Bicol region and the provinces of Samar, Negros Oriental, and Negros Occidental to "suppress lawless violence and acts of terror."
Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea signed Memorandum Order No. 32 upon orders of President Rodrigo Duterte on Thursday, November 22. Malacañang released the document to the media on Friday, November 23.
Malacañang orders deployment of additional troops to quell violence in Samar, Negros Oriental, Negros Occidental, Bicol and reinforces guidelines under state of national emergency on account of lawless violence. @rapplerdotcom pic.twitter.com/w94bMldRcO — Pia Ranada (@piaranada) November 23, 2018
MO 32 orders the Department of National Defense and the Department of the Interior and Local Government to "coordinate the immediate deployment of additional forces of the AFP (Armed Forces of the Philippines) and PNP (Philippine National Police) to suppress lawless violence and acts of terror" in those areas.
It directs the soldiers and cops to "prevent such violence from spreading and escalating elsewhere in the country."
The document does not cite specific incidents of lawless violence and acts of terror in Samar, Bicol, and Negros Island which warranted the deployment of more troops.
It only states that a "number of sporadic acts of violence have occurred recently" in those areas and that they "appear to have been committed by lawless groups."
Since October, there have been news reports of New People's Army attacks in these places.
Two days before the Sagay incident, 3 police escorts and a Food and Drug Administration official were killed in a NPA ambush in Lupi, Camarines Sur in the Bicol region.
On October 30, a police officer was wounded in a suspected NPA attack in Guihulngan, Negros Oriental.
In a statement later on Friday, Presidential Spokesman Salvador Panelo confirmed that the incidents were among those Duterte considered in issuing MO 32. He even said the Sagay massacre was one of the tipping points which led the President to release the order.
Incidents that stood out for Duterte were the "killing and ambush of uniformed personnel, attacks on police stations, torching and destruction of equipment, massacre of civilians, and murders of local officials," Panelo said.
Here is a list of specific instances of violence Panelo cites as basis for MO 32:
Reinforcing rules on state of national emergency
MO 32 also reinforces Palace guidelines for the implementation of a state of national emergency on account of lawless violence, issued in 2016.
Duterte had declared a state of national emergency in early September 2016 after the bombing of a night market in Davao City that killed over a dozen people.
These guidelines, outlined in Memorandum Order 3 (series of 2016), explain how there is to be heightened visibility of police and military in critical public areas.
It also enumerates the cases when warrantless arrests may be made and what law enforcement authorities are allowed to do at checkpoints and stop-and-frisk situations.
The new Palace order states that reinforcing these guidelines is needed "in order to prevent further loss of innocent lives and destruction of property and bring the whole country back to a state of complete normalcy as quickly as possible."
The declaration of a state of national emergency in 2016 was meant to suppress lawless violence specifically in the region of Mindanao and prevent its escalation in other parts of the country.
Malacañang issued MO 32 just over a month before the end of martial law in Mindanao, which is supposed to lapse on December 31. Military chief Carlito Galvez Jr his predecessor, Interior Secretary Eduardo Año, support another martial law extension.
Pia Ranada covers the Office of the President and Bangsamoro regional issues for Rappler. While helping out with desk duties, she also watches the environment sector and the local government of Quezon City. For tips or story suggestions, you can reach her at email@example.com.