Duterte asks Congress for ’emergency powers’ to address coronavirus outbreak

Sofia Tomacruz

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Duterte asks Congress for ’emergency powers’ to address coronavirus outbreak


President Duterte also asks Congress to declare a 'national emergency' and grant him at least 18 powers, including a takeover of private businesses. Senate President Sotto says they won't grant emergency powers.

MANILA, Philippines – President Rodrigo Duterte is asking Congress to declare a “national emergency” and grant him emergency powers “necessary” to address the growing number of novel coronavirus cases in the Philippines. 

In a document seen by Rappler, Duterte signed on Saturday, March 21, Proclamation No. 933 calling on Congress to hold a special session on Monday, March 23, to pass a bill for this purpose.  

Malacañang certified the need to immediately enact a bill that would declare a national emergency and give Duterte powers to “temporarily take over or direct the operation” of privately-owned utilities or businesses needed to address public needs during the coronavirus emergency, among others.  

Among others, the pertinent provisions included in the proposed bill give Duterte the power to “reprogram, reallocate, and realign” funds in the 2022 budget and reallocate savings in the executive department, including government owned and controlled corporations (GOCCs).

What’s the basis? A letter to Senate President Vicente Sotto III signed by Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea cites Section 15, Article VI of the Constitution, which allows the President to call for a special session “at any time.”  

Why is it needed? The proposed bill cites the declaration of a national emergency is needed to minimize the further spread of the coronavirus and immediately mobilize assistance and provide basic  necessities to families affected by the Luzon lockdown.

It also cites the need to immediately provide healthcare such as testing and treatment to patients with COVID-19 and those suspected of having the disease. 

Aside from this, the proposed measure said it was also “imperative to grant Duterte “emergency powers subject to such limitations” to address the coronavirus outbreak in the Philippines.

What else does the bill propose? The still unnumbered Senate bill forwarded by Malacañang to Sotto cites the need to declare a national emergency as the increasing number of coronavirus cases, despite government intervention, rises to “an emergency of national proportions.” 

The bill, if passed in its form, will grant Duterte 18 powers based on Section 23 (2), Article VI of the Constitution. This provision allows Congress “in times of war or other national emergency” to pass a law authorizing the President to exercise powers necessary to address the objectives of the proposed bill. 

Powers to be granted to Duterte include allowing him to “temporarily take over or direct the operation” of privately-owned businesses needed to address the needs of the public during the coronavirus emergency such as hotels, public transportation, and telecommunication.  

The businesses the bill cited are needed to house health workers and serve as quarantine areas and medical facilities. Meanwhile, transportation was needed to service health workers and telecommunications to ensure “uninterrupted communication channels between the government and the public.” 

In this scenario, management will still be retained by owners of the said business, though they will be under the direction of the President or a designated representative.  

It will be up to the President to determine when the takeover is no longer needed.  

While Section 17, Article XII allows for such a takeover, this was not cited as basis for such in the proposed bill.  

Meanwhile, other authorized powers in the proposed bill include the authority to allow Duterte to do the following:  

  • Minimize the spread of the coronavirus
  • Authorize testing of suspected patients
  • Ensure local government units (LGUs) follow protocols listed by the national government
  • Adopt measures to prevent hoarding, profiteering, price manipulation, and other practices that would affect the supply of food and other goods
  • Undertake “in the most expeditious manner” procurement of goods such a personal protective equipment, testing kits, and other medical supplies; utilities, telecommunications, and other services needed to operate quarantine centers, leasing of property to house workers; establishment of medical facilities 
  • Lower lending rates of interest and reserve requirements of lending institutions 
  • Liberalize grants for incentives of manufacture or importation of supplies needed to address the coronavirus outbreak
  • Require businesses to accept and prioritize contracts for services needed to address the outbreak 
  • Regulate and limits the operation of transportation in both public and private road, rail, aviation, and maritime sectors 
  • Regulate traffic of all roads, streets, bridges; prohibit putting up of road obstacles 
  • Continue authorizing alternative work arrangements for government employees in executive branch 
  • Conserve and regulate the distribution of power, fuel, energy, water 
  • Realign and reprogram government funds 
  • Direct LGUs and GOCCs to “revisit their annual budgets and reprogram their priorities in accordance with existing laws” and rules to address the coronavirus outbreak 
  • “Undertake such other measures as may be reasonable and necessary” to address the outbreak  

Done deal? While the bill asks broad powers be given to Duterte, it still has to pass the scrutiny of Congress before it is approved. 

In a text message to reporters, Sotto said controversial provisions such as those allowing Duterte to take over private businesses “won’t fly in the Senate.” 

“The main proposal of the bill is to distribute cash to the 16.5 million families badly needing help,” he said. 

Sotto shunned the notion that special powers, if granted to Duterte, would be equivalent to emergency powers, saying Congress leaders and Malacañang “agreed” that it was not the case in a special meeting held Saturday.  

“Absolutely wrong (to say it is emergency powers) because that was precisely my point in the meeting yesterday that this is not an emergency powers bill. We agreed that it is not,” Sotto said. 

If passed, the declaration of a national emergency will last for two months “or longer if the calamity persists.” It may also be lifted sooner than two months by means of a Presidential Proclamation or concurrent Congress resolution. 

The Philippines has counted at least 380 confirmed coronavirus cases as of Saturday night, March 21. The new total confirmed cases is 150 more than the health department’s tally on Friday, March 20.  

The confirmed cases include 25 deaths and 15 recoveries. 

The global death toll due to the disease has surpassed 11,000 while over 271,600 people were infected with COVID-19 across 164 countries. – Rappler.com

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Sofia Tomacruz

Sofia Tomacruz covers defense and foreign affairs. Follow her on Twitter via @sofiatomacruz.