TEHRAN, Iran – The tensions over a possible nuclear deal involving Iran were laid bare Sunday, November 23, outside an atomic facility in Tehran where a rare protest drew hardliners critical of the government’s negotiators.
While the crowd was small – about 200, mostly students, gathered at the entrance to the Tehran Research Reactor – the event was the first such officially approved demonstration in months.
It coincided with the penultimate day of talks in Vienna between Iran and the United States and other world powers aimed at a permanent deal that seeks to block all routes to Tehran developing a bomb.
As a sign of defiance on Iran’s nuclear activities, several protesters wore white lab coats in memory of 4 Iranian atomic scientists that Tehran says were assassinated by Israel and the United States.
“We protest the process of negotiations and the suspension of sanctions. Sanctions should be lifted altogether,” said Hamed Tamanaie, one of the protesters.
“Nuclear energy is our absolute right,” and “Sanctions won’t stop us,” read placards held by the protesters.
The crowd chanted “Death to America” while a speaker rounded on the conduct of the year-long negotiations which entered their final 36 hours with a deal hanging in the balance.
President Hassan Rouhani and Mohammad Javad Zarif, the foreign minister who is leading the Iranian side in the Austrian capital, “do not know how to do diplomacy,” the speaker said.
One woman held a banner that said: “The centrifuges are not working, nor is the economy,” alluding to Rouhani’s pledge to restart talks to help Iran’s sanctions-hit economy recover.
The protest highlighted the feelings of some Iranians that the government has already made too many concessions on its nuclear programme during the discussions of the past year.
However, an Iranian source in Vienna signalled openness to extending the talks by 6 months or even another year.
Such an extension would be under terms of an interim deal reached in Geneva last November that traded a temporary freeze on some of Iran’s nuclear activities for limited sanctions relief, the source said.
The so-called P5+1 – permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany – have been locked in talks with Iran since February to turn the interim Geneva accord into a lasting agreement.
Such a deal is aimed at easing fears that Tehran could develop nuclear weapons under the guise of its civilian activities.
The Islamic republic denies it wants to build an atomic bomb and insists its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.
Sunday’s newspaper editorials in Tehran showed stark divisions on the merit of the talks.
“Our country’s nuclear challenge with the P5+1 will never achieve results,” said Kayhan, a hardline conservative daily whose editor-in-chief is directly appointed by Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
“Reaching an agreement which would bring to an end this 12-year challenge is not only far-fetched, but impossible,” it added.
However, Shargh, a reformist paper that has supported Rouhani and Zarif, said there was “no going back to how it was”, a reference to the tense situation on the nuclear issue under Iran’s last government led by president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
“Even if no agreement is signed on Monday, this wouldn’t mean that there has been no result or that the negotiations have reached an impasse,” it said. – Rappler.com