Brazil president refuses Indonesia ambassador credentials

Agence France-Presse
Brazil president refuses Indonesia ambassador credentials
The move is over Indonesia's execution of Brazilian citizen in January, and ahead of the looming execution of a second one

BRASILIA, Brazil – (UPDATED) Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff on Friday, February 21, refused to accept the credentials of the Indonesian ambassador to demonstrate her anger at last month’s execution of a Brazilian citizen for drug smuggling.

“We think it is important that there is an evolution in the situation in order to clarify the state of Indonesia’s relations with Brazil,” Rousseff said as she received the credentials of ambassadors from 5 other countries.

Rousseff said clearance for Indonesia’s representative would be “held up a little” with Brasilia and Jakarta at loggerheads over the impending execution of a second Brazilian, Rodrigo Gularte, 42, on death row since 2004 for smuggling 6 kilos of cocaine into Indonesia in surf boards.

Gularte’s family have tried without success to obtain clemency for him, saying doctors have classed him as paranoid schizophrenic, which would normally see him transferred to a psychiatric facility. Brazilian media reported that a diplomat had passed a written request to the head of the prison asking for such a transfer.

Jakarta has twice turned down appeals for clemency.

Gularte’s compatriot Marco Archer was executed by firing squad last month for drug smuggling despite a personal appeal from Rousseff for mercy, and Brazil recalled its ambassador from Indonesia in protest.

Archer was executed alongside 5 others convicted of drugs offenses, including 5 foreigners, in the first executions carried out under new President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo. (READ: Indonesia executes 5 foreigners, one citizen for drugs offenses

Rousseff warned then that bilateral relations would suffer as a result. 

The date for Gularte’s execution is unclear. Jakarta said earlier Friday it was delaying the execution of two Australian drug smugglers by up to a month for “technical reasons,” backtracking on an earlier pledge to put the pair before the firing squad by the end of February. (READ: Jakarta delays execution of two Australians, denies pressure to blame)

Jokowi – an ardent supporter of the death penalty – has told reporters that carrying out capital punishment for drug trafficking is an issue of “judicial sovereignty.”

Indonesia expressed its “strong protest” at Rousseff’s gesture, recalling its new ambassador in Brazil, Toto Riyanto, the foreign affairs ministry said.

“We deeply regret what Brazil has done. This case shows immaturity for a head of state,” the ministry’s spokesman Arrmanatha Nasir said.

The “sudden” refusal, when the new Indonesian ambassador was already at the Brazilian presidential palace, was “an act which cannot be accepted by Indonesia”, the ministry said in a press release. –


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