African Union suspends Burkina Faso and slaps sanctions on coup junta
OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso (UPDATED) – The African Union suspended Burkina Faso and slapped sanctions on the leaders of its military coup Friday, September 18 as troops tried to stop protesters from marching on the capital's Revolution Square.
The 54-member bloc also imposed a travel ban and asset freeze on the junta's leaders, with Uganda's representative denouncing the kidnapping of Burkina's interim leaders on Wednesday, September 16 as a "terrorist" act.
The latest coup was orchestrated by an elite army unit loyal to deposed president Blaise Compaore who claim that interim president Michel Kafando was excluding Compaore's supporters from the upcoming October 11 polls.
"All measures taken by those who took power by force in Burkina Faso are null and void," Uganda's AU ambassador Mull Katende said.
The strong AU reaction came as Senegalese President Macky Sall, chairman of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and Benin President Thomas Boni Yayi met with coup leader General Gilbert Diendere – Compaore's former chief of staff – in Ouagadougou.
"We must create a dynamic of national reconciliation... to allow the country to reposition itself on its path and on its march to democracy," Sall said Friday night.
Diendere, meanwhile, said later that while the talks were "fruitful", nothing had yet been agreed.
"I prefer not to get ahead of the iguana in the water, because we did not decide on anything for the moment," he said, using a local expression.
As the pair of leaders arrived, members of the elite Compaore's Presidential Security Regiment (RSP) that spearheaded the coup fired in the air to disperse protestors who were trying to march on Revolution Square, the epicenter of a popular uprising that overthrew Compaore in October 2014.
He was forced to flee the country after trying to extend his 27-year rule over the impoverished west African nation.
Spatulas and brooms
Coup leaders released Kafando and two ministers Friday – saying this was "a sign of easing tensions" – but prime minister Isaac Zida, a former officer in the RSP, remained under house arrest.
Anti-coup protests have spread to several cities and towns. In the country's economic capital Bobo-Dioulasso, women gathered on Friday holding spatulas and brooms – symbols of the Balai Citoyen ("Civic Broom") movement at the forefront of last year's anti-Compaore protests – showing they wanted to clean up the country's politics.
Burkina Faso had been preparing to hold its first democratic election in decades before the latest coup threw the nascent democracy into turmoil.
The international community has unanimously condemned the coup, with the UN, AU, European Union, ECOWAS, the United States, and former colonial power France denouncing the junta.
Groups opposed to Compaore on Friday demanded the restoration of the transitional authorities and urged that elections be held in October as planned.
The parties, led by former presidential favourite Roch Marc Christian Kabore, called for a campaign of civil disobedience and an immediate end to the coup leaders' "brutal and murderous oppression".
In Ouagadougou there were fewer cars on the road on Friday than usual, with some shops locked shut. Clashes between coup forces and protesters since Wednesday have left at least 6 people dead, according to hospital sources, with 3 people killed on Friday alone.
The military had earlier announced a curfew and closed land and air borders, reopening them on Friday afternoon.
'No more money'
Many of the country's citizens have defied the rules, however, with residents of Bobo-Dioulasso still making their way to local taverns to discuss the latest news, and to drink.
"We are no longer working, so we have no more money," said Abbas Traore, an electrician.
"What little we do have is for Tchapalo," he added, referring to a local type of beer.
Coup chief Diendere has denied that the coup was orchestrated by Compaore, whose whereabouts are unknown.
But analysts have cast doubt on suggestions that Compaore could have been completely unaware of plans for a takeover by his old aide.
"It's a question we cannot answer – because by definition, Blaise Compaore never speaks," said Rinaldo Depagne, an analyst with the International Crisis Group based in Dakar.
"But it is difficult to imagine that Blaise Compaore would be unaware of a project that was so meticulously prepared."
Diendere has insisted that he is committed to holding elections, saying on Thursday evening, September 17: "We do not intend to drag this on, we do not intend to stay."
The presidential and legislative elections slated for October were supposed to mark the end of the transitional government installed after Compaore was toppled.
"Handsome Blaise" had ruled the country since assuming power in a 1987 coup, which ended in the mysterious death of President Thomas Sankara, still seen by many in west Africa as a revolutionary hero. – Romaric Ollo Hien, AFP/Rappler.com