June 2018 inflation soars to 5.2%

Ralf Rivas

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June 2018 inflation soars to 5.2%
(5TH UPDATE) Inflation climbs to another fresh high, exceeding market expectations and government forecasts

MANILA, Philippines (5th UPDATE) – Inflation continued to accelerate in June, reaching a fresh  high of 5.2%, the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported on Thursday, July 5.

June inflation is 0.6% percentage points higher than in May, which was at 4.6%.

The latest figure exceeded both government and market expectations. The last time inflation hit 5.2% was in October 2011. 

“It was primarily brought about by higher annual rate posted in the heavily-weighted food and non-alcoholic beverages index at 6.1%,” the PSA said.

Faster annual price increases were also seen in alcoholic beverages and tobacco (20.8%); housing, water, electricity, gas, and other fuels (4.6%); furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house (3.%); transport (7.1%); communication (0.4%); and education (4.0%).

Higher annual mark-ups were also observed in rice (4.7%); corn (14.1%); other cereals, flour, cereal preparation, bread, pasta and other bakery products (2.4%), meat (5.0%); vegetables (8.6%); sugar, jam, honey, chocolate and confectionery (3.9%); and other food products (3.1%).

“Year-on-year inflation in [National Capital Region] NCR accelerated by 5.8 %in June 2018. It was pegged at 4.9% in the previous month and 3.1% in June 2017,” the PSA said.

The highest annual rate of 7.7% was observed in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) while the lowest was seen in Region III (Central Luzon) at 3%.

The PSA announced the latest inflation figure on the same day that a provisional P1-hike in the minimum jeepney fare  was supposed to take effect in Metro Manila, Central Luzon, and Calabarzon. 

The government is aiming to keep inflation within 2% to 4% from 2018 to 2022. However, the Development Budget Coordination Committee expects to miss the target for this year after it revised the 2018 average inflation outlook, now between 4% to 4.5%.

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) economists projected June inflation to settle between 4.3% to 5.1%. The Department of Finance (DOF) forecasted it to be at 4.9%.


BSP Governor Nestor Espenilla Jr said the June inflation number was a setback.

“We will review and update our situational assessment and forecast inflation path. This will shape the strength and timing of our next monetary policy response to firmly anchor inflation expectations,” Espenilla said.

Malacañang said the high inflation in June should not be a cause for alarm.

“It’s not something to worry about,” Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque said in a news briefing, adding that 5.2% inflation is “within historical amounts.”

“It’s higher than usual but it’s not something we should be alarmed [about],” the Palace spokesman said.

Roque said the higher inflation number was bound to happen as there is “money going around,” and cited the government’s infrastructure program and higher purchasing power of taxpayers because of the tax reform law and free tuition in state universities and colleges.

“There’s money going around that’s why you’re bound to have inflation. There’s money from the free tuition, there’s money from taxes not paid by those earning P250,000. There’s money because of economic activity spurred by the Build Build Build,” Roque said.

Suspend higher excise tax

Senator Paolo Benigno Aquino IV on Thursday reiterated his call for the suspension of higher excise taxes under the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) law. 

Aquino noted that just this Tuesday, July 3, oil companies hiked fuel prices. The Manila Electric Company (Meralco) also announced it expected a higher generation charge in July because of the weaker peso, and the “yellow alert warnings” due to shutdowns and limited generation of power plants amid high demand.

” I-rollback at suspindihin na ang excise tax ng TRAIN (Rollback and suspend excise tax under TRAIN),” said the senator, who had voted against the ratification of the law.

Budget Secretary Benjamin Diokno had earlier slammed the National Food Authority’s (NFA) “incompetence” which led to higher rice prices. (READ: Rice prices soar as Duterte marks 2nd year in office)

The BSP monetary board raised interest rates by 25 basis points to 3.5% to help tame inflation. The central bank also raised interest rates on overnight lending and deposit facilities to 3% and 4%, respectively.

Economic managers have consistently thumbed down calls to suspend the implementation of the TRAIN law despite surging prices, saying the long term benefits outweigh the short term disadvantages of higher taxes.

The DOF previously reported that the inflationary effects of TRAIN law was minimal or only 0.4 percentage points of the 4.6% inflation in May. – Rappler.com

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Ralf Rivas

A sociologist by heart, a journalist by profession. Ralf is Rappler's business reporter, covering macroeconomy, government finance, companies, and agriculture.