NUSA DUA, Indonesia – Indonesia, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and a private power firm said on Monday, November 14, they are teaming up to refinance and prematurely retire a coal-fired power plant, the first such project under a groundbreaking carbon emissions reduction program.
The 660-megawatt Cirebon 1 power plant in West Java would be refinanced in a $250-million to $300-million deal on condition that it be taken out of service 10 to 15 years before the end of its 40- to 50-year useful life under a memorandum of understanding (MOU), ADB officials said.
The Manila-based multilateral lender and Indonesia’s Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati announced the MOU with independent power producer Cirebon Electric Power in Bali on the sidelines of the G20 leaders summit.
The deal, final details of which would be refined under the MOU, could eliminate as much as 30 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions over a 15-year period – the equivalent of taking 800,000 cars off the road, the ADB estimates.
The agreement is the first under the ADB’s Energy Transition Mechanism (ETM), an initiative to blend private investment funds, public finance, and philanthropic donations to buy up or refinance coal power plants in Southeast Asia to retire them early as the region shifts to renewable energy sources.
The ETM project, first reported by Reuters last year, was developed by the ADB with input from private sector firms including Prudential, Citi, and BlackRock to eliminate decades of future carbon emissions by altering the economics of coal plant operations.
“The problem of legacy coal-fired power in Southeast Asia qualifies as one of the single biggest problems for the energy transition, if not the world,” ADB Regional Vice President Ahmed Saeed told Reuters in an interview.
“With this announcement, we’re taking the first steps in what was an ambitious project and making it real,” he added.
The coal plant deal was anounced alongside a broader country platform for energy transition in Indonesia, which depends on coal for 60% of its power. Sri Mulyani told the event that the government had identified plants generating 15 gigawatts of electricity that could be retired early.
“Fifteen gigawatts – this is a really big size,” she said, adding that it would require “significant investment.”
A new “Just Energy Transition Partnership” between rich countries and Indonesia is expected to be announced at the G20 summit on Tuesday.
Same owner, shorter life
The Cirebon 1 deal does not change the ownership structure for the 12-year-old plant, a key power supplier to Jakarta with a 30-year supply contract to state grid operator Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN).
Instead, it would compensate owner Cirebon Electric for the present value of foregone profits from the plant’s early retirement with a new, lower-interest concessional loan arranged through the ADB’s private sector arm, said David Elzinga, the ADB’s senior climate change energy specialist.
The deal will include funds from Indonesia’s $500-million allocation from the Climate Investment Fund, but the structure is still coming together, Elzinga said, adding that the ADB had initially requested a $50-million contribution from the fund.
The ADB also said a number of financial firms and philanthropic groups have expressed interest in participating in the transaction.
The deal also marks a shift of the initial ETM concept of an “acquire and retire” model to a “refinance and accelerate retirement” model, Saeed said, adding that Cirebon, whose shareholders include Japan’s Marubeni Corporation and Korean Midland Electric Power Company, was motivated to take an active role in the transition rather than simply offload the plan.
“It became clear that it’s a simpler structure to leave the existing owner in place,” Saeed said. “And so we could deliver economic value through financing as opposed to a change in equity ownership.”
The ADB officials said they expect the Cirebon deal to give private investors more confidence to explore future participation, and that the development finance institution’s leadership may help shield them from any negative public perceptions regarding new investments in coal financing.
The deal comes amid growing calls for multilateral development banks to stretch their balance sheets and harness more private sector capital to finance the massive investments needed to fight climate change. The World Bank is due to produce an evolution roadmap to meet these challenges in December. – Rappler.com