UN-backed dev’t network launched in PH

Gerard Lim
UN-backed dev’t network launched in PH
With 2015 as the millennium development goals deadline, the UN sets a development agenda anew

MANILA, Philippines – The year 2015 is the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the United Nations (UN). Set to replace them for 2016 are the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In line with this, members of the academe and the development sector formally launched the Philippine chapter of the Social Development Solutions Network (SDSN) on Monday, August 3.

The SDSN aims to help find concrete solutions to some of the world’s most pressing environmental, social, and economic problems to achieve sustainable development. SDSN is directed by economist Dr Jeffrey Sachs of the Earth Institute of Columbia University.

SDSN was first established by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in August 2012. According to the UN, the initiative seeks to promote collaboration between governments, the academe, civil society, and the private sector.

The points of the SDG will serve as the guidelines for future development policies. In a press conference, Sachs told the media that just hours prior to the launch, in New York, the UN General Assembly finalized the SDG.

“This means 193 governments have agreed in advance for the agenda,” Sachs said.

New set of goals

There were 8 goals put forth in the MDG. For the SDG, there are 17 goals to serve as frameworks for future policies. There was originally 100.

The expanded agenda is a result of the estimate that the world population will rise to 9 billion by 2015 and that global gross domestic product will rise to more than $200 trillion, potentially increasing the risk of social inequality.

The new set of goals aims to involve the private sector and civil society in global development.

Millennium Development Goals (2000 – 2015)

Sustainable Development Goals (2016 – 2030)

  1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  2. To achieve universal primary education

  3. To promote gender equality

  4. To reduce child mortality

  5. To improve maternal health

  6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

  7. To ensure environmental sustainability

  8. To develop a global partnership for development

  1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

  2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages

  4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

  5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

  6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

  7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

  8. Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

  9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation

  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

  11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

  12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

  13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

  14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

  15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

  16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

  17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

The SDGs contain a number of differences from the MDGs. The primary difference is that while the MDGs were crafted by a number of experts from international organization, the crafting of SDGs involved consultation efforts through a 70-state Open Working Group (OWG).

This included “a series of ‘global conversations’ that included 11 thematic and 83 national consultations, as well as door-to-door surveys.” They also had the online My World survey, which asks for what individuals might have wanted to see in the SDGs.

The Philippines is not part of the Asia-Pacific Group of the OWG that helped draft the list.

The UN is set to hold a summit from September 25-27 later this year where they will adopt the final document. The head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, is expected to address the summit delegates. (READ: Pope Francis: Beyond reports, action vs hunger more important)

Progress

The launch was preempted by a series of public lectures by members of the aforementioned sectors.

Sachs initiated the lectures, discussing the process that went into the crafting of the SDGs.

“It’s very heartening that at a time when we need this concept (of sustainability), rather than arguing about it, the entire global political community has come together to say ‘yes, we will pursue sustainable development…economic development that is socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable…the triple bottom line,” Sachs told the media.

“(The Philippines) is on the frontline of global climate change. We need to reorient our economic strategies so it is holistic, truly sustainable,” Sachs added. (READ: Jeffrey Sachs: Philippines has much to teach world)

Sachs was followed by National Economic Development Authority, Arsenio Balisacan who discussed country’s economic progress over the years.

WAY FORWARD. NEDA Secretary Balisacan discusses the gains and challenges for the PH economy. Photo by Gerard Lim/Rappler

Balisacan also said the Philippines had a “high” probability of meeting MDG indicators for food poverty, school participation, women empowerment, child mortality, combating malaria and tuberculosis, access to potable water, and access to sanitary toilet facilities.

Balisacan also showed, however, that the Philippines has a “medium” probability of meeting target indicators for income poverty and underweight children and a “low” probability of meeting target indicators for cohort survival or the percentage of enrollees who graduate, gender disparity in political participation, maternal mortality, access to reproductive healthcare, and combatting HIV/AIDS.

Challenges

After the lectures of Sachs and Balisacan, a panel of reactors gave their opinions on the SDGs.

Dr Emmanuel de Dios, President of the Human Development Network, welcomed the new paradigm of the SDG, adding how it no longer makes sense to continue following the paradigm of development from the days of the industrial revolution or even the tiger economies.

In particular, he emphasized the role of research and development in universities. “The universities have to be configured. Our universities are in the business of educating professionals…the production of individual careers. We are not, I fear, in the business of producing solutions,” de Dios said.  

Executive Secretary of the Catholic Bishop Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) National Secretariat for Social Action Fr. Edwin Gariguez expressed his support for the SDG, saying the Catholic Church in the Philippines has always had the prerogative to be involved in development. (READ: Cardinal Tagle elected head of global Catholic charities)

Social Watch convenor Professor Leonor Briones talked about the imperative for universities to take part in development. Briones said universities must require more from their students besides “poems and term papers.” (READ: #PHVote 2016 challenge: ‘Let’s go to Tondo’)

Briones talked about the problem of education and employment for women, political participation of women, and how the civil code does not treat women as equal citizens. Briones also brought up the limitations of the civil code on same-sex marriage. 

COMMITMENT. Briones says SDSN or not, Social Watch will be committed to the SDG. Photo by Gerard Lim/Rappler
Briones also warned of the challenge the country faces on underspending. “We keep on adding and adding money but we don’t improve government procedures, structures, rules, which still continue under the old ways of doing things,” Briones said. (READ: SONA 2015: Aquino gov’t continues to underspend)

Chief Finance Officer and Finance Group head of the Ayala Corporation, Jose Teodoro Limcaoco represented the private sector. He agreed with de Dios and Briones, saying universities in the country are excellent at educating but leave much to be desired in terms of research and development.

President of Youth Lead Philippines Metodio Maraguinot Jr. told the delegation the youth should be treated as partners in the process of development. “Rizal said the youth are the future. I say we are also the present,” Maraguinot said.

Lofty goals

After talking about the the government’s achievements in expanding fiscal space without increasing tax burdens, Budget Secretary Florencio Abad proposed his own, more concise version of the SDGs. 

Lead Convenor of the National-Anti Poverty Commission (NAPC) Joel Rocamora, on the other hand, said there is still much work to be done as far as eradicating poverty goes and it’s important to constantly debate on the meaning of “inclusive growth.”  

INCLUSIVE GROWTH. NEDA Secretary Arsenio Balisacan signs the SDG pledge of commitment. Photo by Gerard Lim/Rappler
After the lectures concluded, the SDSN was formally launched with members signing an oath of commitment.

The following are the SDSN-Philippines Council members who signed:

  • Emmanuel de Dios Ph.D., the President of the Human Development Network
  • Rosalinda Pineda-Ofreneo Ph.D., President of Homenet Philippines and Regional Coordinator of Homenet Southeast Asia
  • Mary Jean Caleda, Ph.D., Assistant to the Dean for Research and Governance Practice of the Ateneo School of Governance
  • Fernando Aldaba Ph.D., Dean of the Ateneo de Manila University School of Social Sciences
  • Francis Magno Ph.D., Director of the Jessie M. Robredo Institute of Governance
  • Edgar Chua, Chairman of Philippine Business for Environment
  • Manuel Pangilinan, Chairman of Philippine Business for Social Progress
  • Jesus Arranza, Chairperson of the Federation of Philippine Industries
  • Alfredo Yao, President of the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • Francisco del Rosario Jr., President of the Management of Association of the Philippines
  • Leonor Briones, Head of the Alternative Budget Initiative of Social Watch
  • Wigberto Tañada Sr., former senator and Quezon 4th district representative
  • Filomeno Sta. Ana III, Action for Economic Reform Coordinator
  • Arsenio Tanchuling, President of Alyanasa Agrikultura
  • Isagani Serrano, Acting President of the Philippine Rural and Reconstruction Movement
  • Gilbert Llanto, President of the Philippine Institute of the Development Studies, and Regional Coordinator of the East Asian Development Network under the Global Development Network
  • Solita Collas-Monsod, Professor Emeritus of the Schoolf Of Economics of the University of the Philippines and Founder of the Philippine Human Development Network
  • Edwin Gariguez, Executive Secretary of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines National Secretariat for Social Action

As membership to the SDSN is open, a number of attendees also signed the pledge of commitment to the SDGs.  Rappler.com

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