MANILA, Philippines – Filipinos gave President Rodrigo Duterte’s government the lowest scores on efforts to control inflation and fight poverty, the latest Pulse Asia Research, Incorporated survey released on Thursday, September 27, showed.
Pulse Asia held its nationwide survey on urgent national concerns and the performance ratings of the Duterte administration on selected issues, among 1,800 registered voters from September 1 to 7, as part of its September 2018 Ulat ng Bayan national survey.
The survey polled Filipinos on their most urgent national concerns, and asked them to rate the administration’s performance on these issues.
Filipinos ranked controlling inflation as their most urgent national concern. This is also the issue where the Duterte administration got the highest disapproval rating among 12 urgent national concerns the respondents were asked to rate government performance on.
“As far as the national issue deemed most urgent by Filipinos is concerned (i.e., inflation), disapproval is the predominant opinion with 51% of Filipinos having a negative assessment of the present administration’s handling of this issue,” Pulse Asia president Ronald Holmes said in a statement.
Those who disapproved of the government’s performance in controlling inflation jumped to 51% from 29% in June, higher by 22 percentage points. Public approval on government work on the issue fell to 27% from 41%, a difference of 14 percentage points.
Lower approval on all urgent nat’l concerns
Holmes said “the most marked decline” in public approval is on poverty reduction.
In September, 39% of Filipinos approved of government work on fighting poverty, 16 percentage points lower than the 55% recorded in June.
While the Duterte administration still enjoyed majority approval ratings in 10 of the 12 issues in the survey, its approval ratings in all issues fell in September compared to June.
- Fighting criminality: 83% (from 88%, lower by 5 percentage points)
- Responding to the needs of areas affected by calamities: 74% (from 85%, lower by 11 percentage points)
- Protecting the welfare of overseas Filipino workers (OFWs): 75% (from 83%, lower by 8 percentage points)
- Fighting graft and corruption in government: 71% (from 81%, lower by 10 percentage points)
- Enforcing the law on all, whether influential or ordinary people: 69% (from 79%, lower by 10 percentage points)
- Increasing peace in the country: 69% (from 74%, lower by 5 percentage points)
- Stopping environmental destruction and abuse: 65% (from 73%, lower by 8 percentage points)
- Creating more jobs: 56% (from 66%, lower by 10 percentage points)
- Defending the integrity of Philippine territory against foreigners: 56% (from 62%, lower by 6 percentage points)
- Improving or increasing the pay of workers: 53% (from 67%, lower by 14 percentage points)
Holmes said public indecision “becomes more manifest when it comes to the Duterte administration’s efforts to protect the environment (+5 percentage points), create more jobs (+5 percentage points), protect OFWs (+6 percentage points), defend national territorial integrity (+6 percentage points), enforce the rule of law (+8 percentage points), and respond to the needs of areas affected by calamities (+10 percentage points).”
Economy still top concern
Holmes said the September survey results also showed that “Filipinos continue to be most concerned about economic matters.”
Asked which among 15 urgent national concerns they want the Duterte administration to immediately address, 63% or a sizeable majority of Filipinos cited inflation – 12 percentage points higher than in June.
This is followed by increasing workers’ pay (50%), poverty reduction (32%), job creation (30%), fighting graft and corruption in government (26%), fighting crime (23%), promoting peace (14%), protecting the environment (13%), reducing tax payments (12%), and enforcing the rule of law (11%).
Filipinos deemed as least urgent government action on the welfare of OFWs (6%), rapid population growth (6%), terrorism (5%), national territorial integrity (5%), and charter change (3%).
At the time the survey was held, and between the June and September polls, among the dominant news were inflation or the increase in the prices of goods hitting a 9-year high in August, the rice shortage, calls to sack then-National Food Authority administrator Jason Aquino, and the weakening of the Philippine peso.
Non-economic news included Duterte’s Proclamation No. 572 voiding the amnesty granted to opposition Senator Antonio Trillanes IV, and the bombings in Isulan, Sultan Kudarat, that led some to raise the possible extension of martial law in Mindanao beyond December 31, 2018.
Between the June and September surveys, Duterte said Vice President Leni Robredo would be “unfit” to lead the country should he have to cut short his term, and that his preferred successor is former senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr, who has a pending electoral protest against Robredo.
Pulse Asia said the nationwide survey has a ± 2% error margin at the 95% confidence level, while subnational estimates for the geographic areas covered in the survey have the following error margins at 95% confidence level: ± 6% for Metro Manila, ± 3% for the rest of Luzon, and ± 5% for both the Visayas and Mindanao.
“In keeping with our academic nature, no religious, political, economic, or partisan group influenced any of these processes. Pulse Asia Research undertakes Ulat ng Bayan surveys on its own without any party singularly commissioning the research effort,” said Pulse Asia. – Mia Gonzalez / Rappler.com