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MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – Many things have been said, rebutted, and confirmed as authorities tried to get to the bottom of one of the biggest money laundering scandals to hit the Philippine banking industry in recent history.
About $101 million (P4.7 billion)* was stolen from the account of the Bangladesh Central Bank with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York by hackers. At least $81 million (P3.8 billion) was wired to the Philippines. (TIMELINE: Tracing the $81-million stolen fund from Bangladesh Bank)
The entire process which the stolen money went through in the country involves several people mainly from 3 camps: Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC), PhilRem Service Corporation, and the circle of casino junket operators.
On Thursday, January 10, Makati Regional Trial Court Branch 149 found former bank manager Maia Deguito guilty of money laundering. The court sentenced her to 4-7 years in prison for each of the 8 counts.
She is just one of the many personalities tagged in the bank heist.
Rappler traces the network and interconnections of people and personalities involved in the Senate investigation:
1. KIM WONG AND JASON GO
Kim Wong often transacted with Jason Go, a known car trader. Along with RCBC CEO and president Lorenzo Tan, they are reported to be members of a “Thursday Club”. Tan, however, denied this.
2. MAIA DEGUITO AND JASON GO
Maia Santos-Deguito said Jason Go is an old client from a previous bank who helped her get new clients.
3. LORENZO TAN AND JASON GO
According to RCBC CEO and president Lorenzo Tan, he and car dealer Jason Go are friends. RCBC treasurer Raul Tan said that Go, a “valued client” of RCBC, suggested to bank heads they recruit and assign Maia Santos-Deguito to the Jupiter branch of RCBC. This is said to be common knowledge among RCBC employees.
4. LORENZO TAN AND KIM WONG
RCBC CEO and president Lorenzo Tan said he met Kim Wong in a restaurant in 2002 and is reportedly part of a “Thursday Club”, along with Jason Go. Wong, however, insisted that Tan had nothing to do with the money-laundering scheme.
5. KIM WONG AND MAIA DEGUITO
Kim Wong met Maia Santos-Deguito through Jason Go after seeing her numerous times when he transacted with Go. He said that on February 5, Deguito called him to say that a huge amount of money would be sent to RCBC.
6. BAUTISTAS AND MAIA DEGUITO
The money stolen from Bangladesh Bank was transferred from RCBC Jupiter to PhilRem, owned by Salud Reyes Bautista and Michael Bautista, and was converted into pesos. The Bautistas said they have been doing business with RCBC for “3 to 5 years” already and did not know the money was stolen.
7. BAUTISTAS AND JEROME TAN
Jerome Tan, RCBC Securities president until his untimely death, was a friend of Michael Bautista. He was with Tan when the drowning incident happened in 2012 in Subic, Zambales.
8. JUAN PONCE ENRILE AND KIM WONG
Then senator Juan Ponce Enrile authored Republic Act 7922 in 1995 which created the Cagayan Special Economic Zone Act (CEZA). Eastern Hawaii Leisure Company Ltd, established by Kim Wong, is located inside CEZA.
9. BAUTISTAS AND WEIKANG XU
PhilRem president Salud Reyes Bautista said on March 15 that Maia Santos-Deguito instructed her to personally deliver P600 million and $18 million in cash to Weikang Xu in Solaire Resort and Casino.
10. KIM WONG AND BAUTISTAS
Kim Wong and Michael Bautista of PhilRem admitted they have known each “for quite a while” already. Wong said PhilRem transferred P1 billion of the laundered funds to his company’s bank accounts and that he visited the Bautista residence 3 times for one transaction but covering 3 tranches.
11. KIM WONG AND MAIA DEGUITO
Kim Wong, on March 29, said that he first met Maia Deguito through his car transactions with Jason Go. She prodded him to refer clients to her.
12. GAO SHUHUA AND KIM WONG
Chinese junket operator Gao Shuhua and Kim Wong have known each other for 8 years. Gao, according to Wong, owed him money amounting to P450 million and referred Gao to Deguito when he sought help in opening a dollar account in the Philippines for investment purposes.
13. GAO SHUHUA AND DING ZHIZE
Gao Shushua and Ding Zhize are the two foreigners Kim Wong tagged as the main facilitators of the entry of the laundered money into Philippine casinos. Zhize allegedly promised Wong, through Gao, that he would bring more casino players to the country.
14. MAIA DEGUITO AND LORENZO TAN
Maia Santos-Deguito said it was RCBC CEO and president Lorenzo Tan who invited her to join the bank in 2013.
Maia Santos-Deguito – the branch manager of RCBC in Jupiter, Makati – is one of the key persons behind the stolen money that reached the Philippines. Under her supervision, according to a complaint filed by the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC), 4 people with no track records were able to open accounts in RCBC-Jupiter in 2015. The accounts remained dormant until February 2016.
These accounts turned out to be fictitious and were used to transfer the stolen money from Bangladesh Bank. The money was later consolidated and deposited under the name of Filipino-Chinese businessman William So Go who denied any involvement in the scheme. Instead, Go claimed that Santos offered him P10 million ($217,815)* in exchange for his silence and participation. An RCBC investigation later showed Go’s signatures in these accounts were forged.
Customer service head Romualdo Agarrado, in a March 17 Senate hearing, said that Deguito was aware of the request for recall of funds but defied it, telling him that she would rather do it than get killed.
How did Deguito end up in RCBC? According to her, she was “invited” by the bank’s president, Lorenzo Tan in 2013 – a claim he vehemently denied. This is said to be common knowledge, however, among RCBC employees.
A “valued customer” of RCBC, car trader Jason Go, was identified by the RCBC bank head to have suggested that Deguito be assigned to the Jupiter branch in Makati.
PhilRem was RCBC’s choice money remittance company to convert the stolen $81 million from Bangladesh Central Bank to pesos. The money was sent in tranches to casino junket operators and other Philippine casinos. PhilRem and RCBC said they were not aware the money was stolen.
According to Salud Reyes-Bautista, PhilRem president, the company earned about P10 million ($217,815) from these transactions. In a Senate hearing on March 17, she said they would give it back “not just as a sign of apology, but as symbol of a Filipino company willing to find justice.” Their offer was rejected by the Bangladesh Central Bank.
Based on Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) papers, the incorporators of PhilRem, aside from Salud, are Michael S. Bautista, Francisco Alido Jr, Romeo Monton, and Norlito Palmares. Bautista, Reyes, and Palmares are also listed as officials/directors of the company.
The PhilRem president claimed that the company has been transacting with RCBC for “3 to 5 years” already – translating to a business relationship that began between 2011 and 2013.
It may, however, be more personal for the Bautistas. PhilRem’s treasurer and Salud’s husband, Michael S. Bautista, is said to be a close friend of Jerome Tan who served as president of RCBC Securities (RSEC) until his death in 2012 at the age of 47. Bautista was with Tan when the incident happened in Subic, Zambales.
Prior to his untimely death, Tan was forced to go on leave after an investment scam resulted in the loss of clients’ money under his term as president. (READ: RCBC money-laundering scam mirrors sins of the past)
The Bautistas are also connected to a top government official. Michael is a son of Noel Bautista of NJ Bautista Construction Inc, one of the alleged favored contractors of Vice President Jejomar Binay when he was still Makati City mayor. (READ: The Lord of Makati: Can Binay explain his wealth?)
In fact, the old address of PhilRem is almost the same as the address of the construction firm, as stated in their respective SEC papers:
- PhilRem’s old address (based on incorporation papers):
Unit 208 Cityland Condominium, Esteban cor. Herrera St. Legaspi Village, Makati City
- NJ Bautista Construction address:
208 Cityland 3 Condominium, Herrera Street, Legaspi Village, Makati City
Michael Bautista is also listed in the SEC documents filed by NJ Bautista Construction.
In an Inquirer story based supposedly on a report of the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC), PhilRem allegedly facilitated numerous remittances amounting to more than P100 million (P4.6 billion)* to Hong Kong by a company tagged as an investor in an identified Binay dummy company.
The presidential bet’s party, the United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), dismissed the allegations as false.
Circle of casino junket operators
From PhilRem, the converted money was delivered in tranches to registered casino junket operators and casinos. (READ: $81-M bank heist money trail hits dead end in casinos)
Kam Sin Wong (more popularly known as Kim Wong), president and general manager of Eastern Hawaii Leisure Company, admitted he has known Michael Bautista of PhilRem “for quite a while” already.
He said in a March 29 hearing that PhilRem transferred P1 billion ($21.78 million) of the laundered funds to his company’s bank accounts and that he visited the Bautista residence 3 times for one transaction that had 3 tranches. (READ: PhilRem, Kim Wong differ on missing $17-M Bangladesh Bank funds)
Wong also said that it was Deguito whom he met through car trader Go. It was Deguito who prodded him to refer clients to her. He claimed that on February 5, 2016, Deguito called him to say that a huge amount of money had arrived at RCBC.
The Chinese businessman’s casino is located inside the Cagayan Special Economic Zone, which was created through Republic Act 7922 by then Senator Juan Ponce Enrile in 1995.
During the March 29 Senate hearing, Kim Wong identified two Chinese businessmen as the ones who faciliated the entry of the stolen money to casinos in the country: Ding Zhize from Macau and Gao Shuhua from Beijing.
He said that Gao owed him P450 million ($9.8 million). He referred Gao to Deguito when he (Gao) sought help in opening a dollar account in the Philippines for investment purposes. Ding, on the other hand, was a friend of Gao, who promised that he would bring more foreign casino players in the country.
Salud Bautista, meanwhile, on March 15 said that Deguito also instructed her to personally deliver P600 million ($13.07 million) and $18 million ($826.39 million) in cash to Weikang Xu in Solaire Resort and Casino.
Three hearings in and with so many individuals tagged already, the cyber heist continues to rock the banking industry, unmasking weaknesses in corporate governance and government regulation. The Senate resumes its hearing on the case on Tuesday, April 5. – Rappler.com
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*$1 = P46