Doing their part: How Muslims in Singapore help fight coronavirus

Paterno Esmaquel II
It's not enough to trust in God without humans doing their part, says the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore

FIGHTING CORONAVIRUS. Filipino Muslims clean and disinfect the mosque at the Greenhills Shopping Center in San Juan City, Philippines, after the Philippine government confirmed on March 6, 2019, that a frequent visitor of the mosque tested positive for the novel coronavirus. Photo by Jire Carreon/Rappler

SINGAPORE – The 5th novel coronavirus patient in the Philippines, a 62-year-old male who frequents a Muslim prayer hall in a Manila suburb, drew attention to how prepared the Muslim community is to deal with the virus.

The Muslim prayer hall in Greenhills, San Juan City, has been temporarily closed, but safety concerns remain across the Philippines. 

What can Muslims in the Philippines learn from their brothers and sisters in Singapore, one of the countries that has most effectively dealt with the novel coronavirus? 

The Islamic community in Singapore, where Muslims make up 14% of the population, has put in place precautionary measures against the novel coronavirus disease called COVID-19. This is in line with the call of the Singaporean government for all sectors of society, including religious groups, to join the fight against the disease.

In this city-state, the Islamic community is overseen by the Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura (MUIS), also known as the Islamic Religious Council of Singapore. On February 7, MUIS released an irsyad or religious guidance on managing the novel coronavirus situation, following a similar advisory regarding the disease. The irsyad draws from  health advisories and also from their country’s experience in dealing with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003.

The irsyad contains measures such as bringing their own prayer mats and avoiding the shaking of hands, a controversial though necessary measure for Muslims here. Read excerpts from the irsyad below:

  • If you feel unwell, you should see a doctor immediately and refrain from going to the mosque. Islam excuses those who are unwell from attending congregational prayers (including Friday prayers), as explained in the earlier religious guidance.

  • If you go to the mosque, please take additional steps to minimize any risk of infection. The virus may remain on carpet surfaces if used by a congregant who is infected. This occurrence is highly likely if the area has not been properly disinfected and cleansed. As such, we encourage the use of personal clean mat to cover the prostration area. Female congregants are also advised to bring your own personal prayer clothing.

  • You should also maintain a high level of hygiene by washing your hands or by using a hand sanitizer. The use of hand sanitizers containing alcohol is permissible, in accordance with the 2008 fatwa (ruling) issued by the fatwa committee, which stated that the alcoholic substance used in medical treatments (including hand sanitizers) is not a prohibited item.

  • In this period, you should also minimize close physical contact such as shaking of hands, as this may facilitate the transmission of the virus. You may hold your hands close to your chest as a sign of respect in place of shaking hands. This is also in accordance with the religious guidance issued in 2003 during the SARS outbreak.

The advisory against the shaking of hands has been controversial for Muslims in Singapore. For many of them, shaking hands is a sunnah, one of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Thus, according to critics of this measure, this measure goes against Islam.

Mufti Dr Mohamed Fatris Bakaram, then the head of MUIS, however reminded Muslims in Singapore, “It is true that shaking hands is a sunnah, but note that it is also true that the practice of not shaking hands in times of an infectious disease is also a sunnah.”

He said that “to insist on shaking hands when there is a spread of an infectious disease is contrary to sunnah.”

“The Prophet called upon us, his people, to avoid infectious diseases,” Fatris said. “Thus we should not be so preoccupied with leaving matters to Allah to the extent that we do not heed what our Prophet has taught us.”

The Muslim leader continued: “Allah created life and death. It is true that one who perishes because of an infectious disease can be considered as a martyr, but only after he has made sufficient effort and taken preventive measures before his death. Hence we should never disregard the Prophet’s advice on taking any precautions and treatments.”

MUIS, in another Facebook post, said it is not enough to trust in God (as in the Muslim concept of tawakkal) without doing their part. 

“In the midst of the current situation we are facing, is it enough to say that tawakkal in Allah will protect us even without any accompanying effort?” MUIS asked.

The Muslim council explained: “Verily, the true concept of tawakkal is to put in due effort before surrendering the outcome to Allah s.w.t. Hence in this trying time, we should take the necessary precautions to ensure that our health is not compromised. We should wash our hands with soap, cover our mouth when coughing and avoid physical contact (like shaking hands).”

Other religious groups in Singapore have done their share in fighting the novel coronavirus. (READ: Coronavirus sa Singapore: Tips para sa mga Pilipino)

The Catholic Church, for instance, suspended public Masses from February 15 to March 14 while they still did not have precautionary measures in place against COVID-19. These precautionary measures include installing thermal scanners in Catholic parishes and preparing a mechanism for contact tracing in case any parishioner contracts the disease.

While the public Masses will resume on March 14, the Catholic Church said parishioners who feel that going to church is unsafe can do so without breaking church law. –

Paterno Esmaquel II

Paterno R. Esmaquel II, news editor of Rappler, specializes in covering religion and foreign affairs. He obtained his MA Journalism degree from Ateneo and later finished MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at