Documentary | Fake news in the Philippines: Dissecting the propaganda machine

Natashya Gutierrez, Don Kevin Hapal

This is AI generated summarization, which may have errors. For context, always refer to the full article.

Documentary | Fake news in the Philippines: Dissecting the propaganda machine
In this documentary, Rappler looks into the Philippine propaganda machine – where it started and how it operates – and its chilling similarities around the world

Documentary | Fake news in the Philippines: Dissecting the propaganda machine

In 2016, Senator Leila de Lima found herself at the center of widespread disinformation online. Critics reveled in screenshots of her supposed sex video, news about her undeclared wealth, and allegations of her involvement in illegal drug operations in the Philippines. 

In just 6 months, De Lima’s reputation went from human rights defender to protector of drug syndicates.

Around the same time, Philippine Vice President Leni Robredo also became the constant subject of false reports. These reports include an alleged affair with another politician, a subsequent pregnancy, and an abortion.

There were similarities between the two: They were both women, have influence, and were perceived as critics of President Rodrigo Duterte. Misogynistic comments and false reports were also used and repeated over and over.

But the case is not unique to the Philippines. In fact, experts found similar patterns happening in countries around the world. They called the phenomenon “patriotic trolling”, which is targeted, state-sponsored online hate and harassment campaigns leveraged to silence and intimidate individuals.

In this documentary, Rappler looks into disinformation and propaganda in the Philippines – where they started and how they operate – and the chilling similarities around the world. –

Editor’s Note: A previous version of this video said that RJ Nieto hails from Davao. This has been corrected.

Add a comment

Sort by

There are no comments yet. Add your comment to start the conversation.

Summarize this article with AI

How does this make you feel?

Download the Rappler App!
Face, Happy, Head


Natashya Gutierrez

Natashya is President of Rappler. Among the pioneers of Rappler, she is an award-winning multimedia journalist and was also former editor-in-chief of Vice News Asia-Pacific. Gutierrez was named one of the World Economic Forum’s Young Global Leaders for 2023.
Shirt, Clothing, Apparel


Don Kevin Hapal

Don Kevin Hapal is Rappler’s Head of Data and Innovation. He started at Rappler as a digital communications specialist, then went on to lead Rappler’s Balikbayan section for overseas Filipinos. He was introduced to data journalism while writing and researching about social media, disinformation, and propaganda.