Occupy Bulacan: How the urban homeless won shelter

Patty Pasion

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Occupy Bulacan: How the urban homeless won shelter
After the successful takeover of idle government housing in Bulacan, urban poor group Kadamay sets its eyes on other sites in the province

MANILA, Philippines – The onset of summer saw the success of a grand mobilization of poor Filipinos as they took over thousands of idle government housing units in Bulacan.  

Led by militant group Kalipunan ng Damayang Mahihirap (Kadamay), some 6,000 families occupied resettlement areas of the National Housing Authority (NHA) located in the municipality of Pandi, beginning early March.

The “Occupy Bulacan” movement, Kadamay said, was in response to the continuing government “inaction” on distributing housing units that have been unoccupied for at least 5 years.

Bulacan, on the border of the northern district of Metro Manila, has been the preferred site of a number of relocation sites for informal settlers.

Consolidated data from the National Housing Authority (NHA), the Presidential Commission for the Urban Poor (PCUP), and Kadamay showed that there are around 36 housing projects located in 12 areas in the province.

These areas include the municipalities of Pandi, Bocaue, Marilao, Santa Maria, Norzagaray, Balagtas, Guiguinto, Plaridel, and Calumpit; and the cities of Meycauayan, San Jose del Monte, and Malolos.

Occupied 6 sites  

Fourteen of these sites were built prior to the administration of former President Benigno Aquino III, while 21 were built after 2012 and are considered new resettlement areas where there remain many unoccupied units. Most of the sites are intended for informal settlers while 3 are for the police and military.

Vice President Leni Robredo, former chair the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), earlier bared the primary reason for the low occupancy in these areas: lack of basic utilities such as water, electricity; and the absence of livelihood opportunities.

Robredo had also earlier reported that 80% of the housing units intended for the police and military in Bulacan were unoccupied because they are far from their areas of assignment. The backlog in government housing is at 5.5 million.

Kadamay estimates that there are around 15,000 vacant housing units in Bulacan.  Its members have occupied more than 5,000 units in the following resettlement sites in Pandi: 

Villa Elise

  • Location: Barangay Masuso
  • Occupants: 2,100 families (mostly from Pandi, less than 50 from Navotas) 

Pandi Village II – Atlantica

  • Location: Barangay Mapulang Lupa
  • Occupants: 280 families (from Bocaue, Balagtas and Guiguinto towns)

Pandi Residence III

  • Location: Barangay Mapulang Lupa
  • Occupants: 640 families (from Bocaue)

Padre Pio

  • Location: Barangay Cacarong Matanda
  • Occupants: 1,600 (from Doña Remedios Trinidad and Pandi, less than 500 from Metro Manila)


  • Location: Barangay Cacarang
  • Occupants: 487 (from Camanava, 10 from San Jose del Monte, Bulacan)

Villa Luis

  • Location: Barangay Siling Bata
  • Occupants: 1,800 (from Pandi)

Kadamay’s bigger battle is in its bid for free public mass housing – a move supported by National Anti-Poverty Commission chairperson Liza Maza and PCUP chairperson Terry Ridon, both Left-leaning officials.

Kadamay is seeking the amendment of the Urban Development Act of 1992 (UDHA), particularly the provision that encourages the participation of the private sector in government housing.

Kadamay blames the state’s partnership with the private sector for the prices of housing units and basic utilities that, it said, are beyond the means of the poor.

Each unit in NHA’s off-city relocation costs around P430,000, payable in 30 years for P200 per month. This would go up to P1,330 per month on the 25th to 30th year of payment. (READ: Why P600-a-month housing is still a burden to the poor

Makabayan bloc lawmakers have filed House Bill Number 559 last year, which seeks to repeal the UDHA. 

Dialogues with NHA

Was the takeover of idle government housing sites the appropriate action to take? 

Parties criticized the takeover as a form of anarchy, a sentiment recently shared by President Rodrigo Duterte, though he earlier allowed the group to have the Bulacan housing units occupied by its members. (READ: Duterte lets Kadamay have Bulacan housing units)

The group defended its actions, saying it was due to its frustration with its fruitless dialogues with housing officials.

Kadamay Secretary General Carlito Badion said it organized the people in Bulacan right after Duterte’s first State of the Nation Address in July 2016, to have a louder voice in demanding basic social services from the new administration.

It was at that time, he said, when it received complaints from the urban poor about the unoccupied units.

In August last year, Robredo visited the relocation sites and had a dialogue with Kadamay members in Bulacan where talks of the possible distribution were discussed.

Badion said a unity statement was drafted on September 5, 2016, calling for social services for the poor, including free housing. The statement was signed by Badion, Anakpawis Representative Ariel Casilao, and Angelita Aguila, HUDCC director for Legal, Anti-Squatting and External Affairs.

Photo from Kadamay

A month later, on October 21, Kadamay had a dialogue with the NHA. The NHA agreed that the problem on the housing units should be addressed.

Badion said no action was taken after months of follow up until this year’s housing summit on February 8. 


The occupants faced threats of eviction from the NHA and the President himself. But on April 4, Duterte himself told police and military beneficiaries of the housing units that he was giving away the homes to the Kadamay members “because they are poor.”

Two days later, however, the President told the military’s Western Command in Palawan that he would not allow Kadamay to get more housing units and implied that force would be used to ensure this.

As for the other sites, the NHA is currently assessing how many units may be given to the members who illegally occupied the units since there were 50,000 walk-in applicants for resettlement that it has to accommodate. 

Despite these developments, Kadamay will continue its bid for free housing. Badion said Kadamay is eyeing to occupy more idle housing units in other Bulacan towns. – Rappler.com

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Patty Pasion

Patty leads the Rappler+ membership program. She used to be a Rappler multimedia reporter who covered politics, labor, and development issues of vulnerable sectors.