House opposition wants TRO vs martial law extension

Bea Cupin

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House opposition wants TRO vs martial law extension
Albay 1st District Representative Edcel Lagman says a martial law extension to quell possible threats of remaining terror groups is akin to 'killing a fly with a sledgehammer'

MANILA, Philippines – Members of the House opposition from an independent bloc asked the Supreme Court (SC) on Wednesday, December 27, to put a stop to the extension of martial law in the island of Mindanao.

The so-called “Magnificent 7,” led by Albay Representative Edcel Lagman, filed a petition before the SC questioning the constitutionality of a second extension of martial law and the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus over Mindanao.

In GR No. 235935, Lagman and another lawmakers cited the following in asserting that the extension of martial law in Mindanao should be declared null:

  • There is no actual rebellion in Mindanao to justify the re-extension;
  • Senate President Pimentel III and Speaker Alvarez, supported by the supermajority in both Chambers of Congress, unduly constricted the period of deliberation and interpellation on the subject extension so much so that the President’s request for extension was approved baselessly and with inordinate haste;
  • Threats of violence and terrorism by remnants of vanquished terrorist groups do not constitute a constitutional basis for extension of martial law because “imminent danger” has been deleted as a ground for imposing martial law under the 1987 Constitution.
  • The re-extension of one full year defies the unequivocal intent and mandate of the Constitution of having a limited duration of martial law and its extension.
  • The Constitution does not allow a series of extensions or re-extensions of a martial law proclamation, which may lead to “extensions in perpetuity”.
  • The congressional grant of re-extension has no factual anchorage and is afflicted by grave abuse of discretion.
  • The President as Commander-in-Chief has the power to call out the armed forces to prevent and subdue lawlessness by remnants of terrorist groups without extending martial law and the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in Mindanao

Respondents to the petition include Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III, Speaker Pantaleon D. Alvarez, Executive Secretary Salvador C. Medialdea, Defense Secretary Delfin N. Lorenzana, Budget Secretary Benjamin E. Diokno and Armed Forces of the Philippines Chief-of-Staff General Rey Leonardo Guerrero.

During a joint session on December 13, both chambers of Congress voted 240-27 to approve President Rodrigo Duterte’s request to extend martial rule and the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in the southern-most region until December 31, 2018.

This was the second time Duterte asked for an extension. Sixty days after declaring martial law in Mindanao, Congress approve Duterte’s request to allow it to remain in the island until December 31, 2017.

In late May 2017, local terror groups affiliated with the Islamic State attempted to take over the city of Marawi. It took over 5 months for government forces to flush out most of the terrorists from the city.

It asked for an extension, citing the ongoing threat in the area and the terror groups’ attempts to increase their numbers and plan other attacks. Duterte also cited the threat of communist rebel forces in asking for the extension.

Lagman, as well as other legislators who were against the extension, have argued that “rebellion” or “invasion” – the only circumstances that would warrant the declaration of martial law – should be “real, not contrived.”

In their petition, Lagman also insisted that the move to extend martial law for an entire year in order to crush the remaining terror groups was akin to “killing a fly with a sledgehammer.”

Joining Lagman as petitioners are Akbayan Representative Tom Villarin, Caloocan 2nd District Representative Edgar Erice, Ifugao Representative Teddy Brawner Baguilat, Jr., Magdalo Representative Gary Alejano, Capiz 1st District Emmanuel A. Billones, and Northern Samar Representative Raul Daza.

They also asked the Supreme Court to give judicial notice to the joint approval of Congress of the extension, since it has yet to make public a copy of the joint resolution. –

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Bea Cupin

Bea is a senior multimedia reporter who covers national politics. She's been a journalist since 2011 and has written about Congress, the national police, and the Liberal Party for Rappler.