The Egypt timeline

Agence France-Presse

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A list of the crucial events in Egypt starting from the Arab Spring of 2011
Egyptian protesters clash with riot police at Cairo's landmark Tahrir Square on November 19, 2011, as Egyptian police fired rubber bullets and tear gas to break up a sit-in among whose organizers were people injured during the Arab Spring which overthrew veteran president Hosni Mubarak. AFP PHOTO / KHALED DESOUKI

CAIRO, Egypt – Here are key events in Egypt since the start of the Arab Spring last year:


– 25: Egypt protests erupt after a revolt topples Tunisia’s ruler.


– 11: After daily protests, president Hosni Mubarak resigns and hands power to the army led by Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi. About 850 people die in the unrest.

– 12: Promising a peaceful transition to democracy, the army suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.


– 19: Egyptians approve a new constitution, with 77.2 percent voting yes.


– 13: Authorities say Mubarak is being held in a hospital in Sharm el-Sheikh.

– 16: A court dissolves Mubarak’s National Democratic Party.


– 7: Fifteen die and 200 injured as Muslims and Christians clash in Cairo.


– 6: A political party formed by the opposition Muslim Brotherhood is declared legal.

– 29: More than 1,000 hurt as protesters and police clash in Tahrir Square.


– 8: Thousands start a Tahrir sit-in to criticise the military’s slow pace of reform.

– 29: Hundreds of thousands of Islamists pack Tahrir in the biggest gathering since Mubarak’s fall.


– 3: Trial begins of Mubarak, his two sons, former interior minister Habib al-Adly and six police commanders.


– 9: Cairo clashes leave 25 people dead, mainly Coptic Christians.


– 19: Start of week-long clashes between police and anti-military demonstrators that leave 42 dead.

– 28-29: Egypt holds its first post-revolt parliamentary election. Islamist parties win about three-quarters of seats.


– 11: The US State Department’s number two sits down with Muslim Brotherhood party leaders.


– 1: Riots kill 74 people after a Port Said football match.


– 10: A court suspends the Islamist-dominated commission tasked with drafting a new constitution amid a boycott by liberals, moderate Muslims and the Coptic church.

– 17: The electoral commission bars 10 candidates from standing for president, ruling out two Islamists and Mubarak’s ex-spy chief.


– 2: Thugs attack a protest near the defence ministry, leaving at least 20 dead, including supporters of Salafist politician Hazem Abu Ismail.

– 23-24: Egypt holds its first free presidential election.

– 28: Officials announce a run-off vote between Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Mursi and Ahmed Shafiq, who served briefly as Mubarak’s last premier.

– 30: Mubarak’s sons, already on trial for corruption with their father, face a new separate case for alleged stock market fraud.

– 31: State of emergency imposed in 1981 ends.


– 2: Mubarak and Adly sentenced to life in prison in the murder case, while the six police commanders are acquitted. Original corruption charges against Mubarak’s sons dropped. A lawyer for Mubarak says he will appeal. Protesters stage angry rallies.

– 3: State prosecutor says to appeal Mubarak verdicts.

– 11: Mubarak’s health deteriorates: prison sources say he is defibrillated twice.

– 14: Egypt’s top court annuls the Islamist-led house, paving the way for the military to assume parliament’s powers, while allowing Shafiq to stand in the election.

– 19: Mubarak declared “clinically dead” after he was transferred to a military hospital from prison, according to the official MENA news agency. He had suffered a stroke and underwent defibrillation in prison, but medical sources told the news agency that his heart had stopped beating and did not respond to defibrillation. – Agence France-Presse

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