energy industry

In a land of spas, Hungary’s cave bath falls victim to soaring gas prices


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In a land of spas, Hungary’s cave bath falls victim to soaring gas prices

TOURIST DRAW. Bathers relax at the Cave Bath in Miskolctapolca, Hungary, October 7, 2022.

Krisztina Fenyo/Reuters

The closure of Hungary's famous Miskolctapolca cave baths 'for an indefinite period' will have an inevitable impact on hotels and other tourist businesses in the surrounding area

MISKOLCTAPOLCA, Hungary – Staff turned off the lights and started draining the pools at Hungary’s famous Miskolctapolca cave baths on Monday, October 10, after the centuries-old attraction succumbed to a modern-day crisis – soaring gas prices.

Visitors have been coming to the vast cavern since before Roman times to bathe in its naturally heated waters. In recent years, the venue has relied on gas to top up the temperatures in the pools and the caves, particularly during winter.

But then Russia invaded Hungary’s neighbor Ukraine, sending shockwaves across the global economy and energy markets. For Miskolctapolca, and other businesses across Europe and beyond, that has filtered through in the form of crippling bills.

The cave – with its five bathing halls and labyrinthine passages with massage jets and echoing chambers – closed on Monday “for an indefinite period,” its operator, Miskolci Furdok, said in a statement.

“We have to close the Cave Bath, for one single reason: our gas usage in the three months from October to December will cost an additional 61 million forints ($140,000),” chief executive Judit Nemeth said.

The closure will have an inevitable impact on hotels and guesthouses and other tourist businesses in the surrounding area – a worrying sign for an industry that had only recently started to recover from the COVID-19 slump.

Customers bathing in the waters for the last time before the weekend said they were still hoping for a last-minute reprieve.

“I cannot understand the closure of such a wonderful complex. The government supports all sorts of things. Couldn’t they just give some to this too?” said Andrea Muszka as she soaked in one of the pools.

“The hotels will go bankrupt as they are dependent on this,” her husband, Karoly Kerezsi, added.

But the reprieve didn’t come and the cave closed.

The company Miskolci Furdok had been loss-making for the past four years, with its 2021 revenue still substantially below pre-pandemic levels, company data showed.

The gas bill was the last straw.

The government has flagged financial help to small and medium-sized businesses working in key supply chains in the manufacturing sector to cope with rising energy costs but has yet to offer help to the service sector yet.

“If we could somehow find an energy-efficient way to replace this huge gas price rise and if we could get some help,” said Nemeth, “then we would immediately start to explore that possibility.” –

$1 = 440.8200 forints

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