Under Aguirre: DOJ in numbers

Lian Buan
Under Aguirre: DOJ in numbers
Aguirre boasts of higher disposition and conviction rates for 2016

MANILA, Philippines – Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II has a message for the 2016 bar passers: come work for the Department of Justice (DOJ).

According to Aguirre, the agency is missing almost half of its manpower and they are desperate for more lawyers to go on board.

“We have a vacancy rate here in our employment staff of about 45%, we need 1,500 more lawyers here and in the next few years we plan to hire 2,000 more,” Aguirre told Rappler.

To cope with the manpower problem, Aguirre hired law students to work part-time for the DOJ as paralegals.

“Despite the fact that we are undermanned, we are doing our best by using, employing paralegals and distributing cases to our different prosecutors in Metro Manila,” Aguirre said.

Accomplishment report

Data provided by the DOJ to Rappler shows highter rates in disposition of cases in 2016 compared to 2015.

From January to December 2016, the DOJ resolved 334,100 of the 377,533 complaints it received in that period, or a rate of 88.5%. DOJ said 283,831 of these have been filed in court. It is higher than the 85% disposition rate from 2015.

In terms of success rate, the DOJ said they were able to secure 23,184 convictions of the cases it prosecuted and brought to court. This translates to a 76.7% conviction rate compared to 71.9% the year before.

The legal services unit, however, fell very slightly below target, based on data in the 2016 report on the DOJ by the Commission on Audit (COA).

For example, the DOJ aimed to act on 20,000 requests for legal services, but was only able to respond to 15,498. The DOJ also aimed to act on legal requests more quickly, or within 15 days of the filing of request. It endeavored to do so with 95% of such requests, but fell short with 93.49%.


According to the DOJ’s organizational structure, Aguirre can have 3 undersecretaries and 5 assistant secretaries. Currently though, Aguirre has 5 and 6 respectively.

Aguirre’s undersecretaries are all new, with 4 of them being fraternity brothers at Lex Taleonis, namely: Undersecretaries Antonio Kho Jr, Erickson Balmes, Raymund Mecate and Reynante Orceo. 
One of his 6 Assistant Secretaries, George Ortha II, is also a Lex Taleonis fraternity brother. 

Kho is the head of the newly-created task force to reinvestigate the pork barrel scam, Orceo, on the other hand, wrote the recent DOJ resolution which downgraded the charges from murder to homicide against policemen in the killing of Albuera, Leyte mayor Rolando Espinosa. It was also the second case under Aguirre’s time which sw the DOJ flip-flop.

Donations and confidential funds

In COA’s 2016 audit of the DOJ, there were notable dramatic increases in the expenses of the agency – donations and confidential funds.

Donations increased from P3.3 million in 2015 to P143.9 million in 2016.

According to the DOJ, it’s because they were able to complete P143.9-million worth of halls of justice buildings which they donated to the Supreme Court (SC) as agreed upon.

“Under a memorandum of agreement, the ownership of all the buildings that have been completely constructed under the Justice System Infrastructure Program (JUSIP)…shall be transferred to the SC upon final acceptance from the contractor of the buildings,” DOJ Assistant Secretary Adonis Sulit said.

In COA’s notes to financial statements, under Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses (MOOE), the Confidential, Intelligence and Extraordinary Expenses increased by P47 million from P68 million in 2015 to P115 million in 2016.

Sulit said the confidential funds for 2015 weren’t actually just P68 million. He explained that if some of the cash advances are not liquidated within the year they were granted, these are credited to a surplus account and will not reflect on the confidential funds records.

“While the observation that there is an increase of P47 million is correct, it does not mean there was an increase in expenses compared to prior year. Rather, it is due to the timing of the recognition of expenses. In fact, our statements of allotment, obligation and balance would show that the cash advances granted on confidential expenses for 2016 decreased by P35.5 million as compared to 2015,” Sulit said.

But what are the confidential funds for? The DOJ provided a breakdown for 2016:

  • General Administration and Support Services: P26.285 million allotted, P17 million disbursed 
  • Witness protection security and other benefit program services: P183.798 million allotted, P92.78 million disbursed (P55.716 million was disbursed in Aguirre’s half of the year)
  • Implementation of AO 35 to probe extra-legal killings and enforced disappearances: P10 million allotted, none disbursed
  • Implementation of cybercrime prevention act: P500,000 allotted, P425,000 disbursed


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Lian Buan

Lian Buan covers justice and corruption for Rappler. She is interested in decisions, pleadings, audits, contracts, and other documents that establish a trail. If you have leads, email lian.buan@rappler.com or tweet @lianbuan.