Disinformation

Comelec: ‘Moral question’ hounds early campaigners

Paterno Esmaquel II
(UPDATED) Saying it is more than a legal question, Comelec Chairman Andres Bautista points out, 'There's a loophole in the law'

ELECTIONS CHIEF. Commission on Elections Chairman Andres Bautista calls on watchdogs to call out early campaigners. File photo by Joel Leporada/Rappler

MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – “The letter of the law, they’re not violating. But how about the spirit of the law?”

In the Tapatan sa Aristocrat forum on Monday, May 25, Commission on Elections (Comelec) Chairman Andres Bautista said a “moral question” hounds politicians for early campaigning. 

Bautista said it is more than a legal question.

He pointed out that under Philippine laws, a person becomes a candidate once he or she has filed a certificate of candidacy.

A 2009 Supreme Court ruling says any person “who files his certificate of candidacy…shall only be considered a candidate at the start of the campaign period for which he filed his certificate of candidacy.” (READ: ‘Epal’ campaigning not an election offense – Comelec)

“Only a candidate can be guilty of premature campaigning. So there’s a loophole in the law,” Bautista said in Filipino. 

Bautista’s comments come as presumed candidates in the 2016 elections begin to air television ads. Their ads don’t blatantly announce their candidacies, but trumpet their achievements and portray them as excellent leaders.  

Politicians with recent television ads include Vice President Jejomar Binay, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte, former rehabilitation chief Panfilo Lacson, and Senate Majority Leader Alan Peter Cayetano.  

While the law doesn’t prohibit premature campaigning, Bautista called on watchdogs to help call out early campaigners. (READ: ‘Anti-Epal’ Facebook page fights early campaigning)

‘Infomercials’

When asked about Bautista’s statement, Deputy Presidential Spokesperson Abigail Valte said she hopes Cabinet officials who appear in “infomercials” would not be misconstrued as involved in early campaigning.

Valte said in an interview on state-run Radyo ng Bayan on Saturday, May 30, that Cabinet officials like Energy Secretary Jericho Petilla and Health Secretary Janette Garin, for example, have some public service announcements shown on TV that are directly related to the mandate of their respective agencies.

“We hope it will not be taken any differently other than the fact that it really is necessary for a public service announcement. Although I know that our Cabinet secretaries are aware of what may be said about [their actions], they’re also very calculated in their movement,” she said. 

Petilla has been seen appearing in paid television advertisements, giving energy saving tips to the public. When he first announced his resignation plan on April 28, he said was considering running for either senator or congressman next year. (READ: Petilla to quit DOE, run for Senate or House)

The DOE chief had earlier tendered his “irrevocable” resignation to President Benigno Aquino III but had been prevailed upon to stay, for the meantime, until his replacement is chosen. – Rappler.com

Paterno Esmaquel II

Paterno R. Esmaquel II, news editor of Rappler, specializes in covering religion and foreign affairs. He obtained his MA Journalism degree from Ateneo and later finished MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at pat.esmaquel@rappler.com.