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MANILA, Philippines – During the 2016 election campaign, then-Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte tried to be cheeky when asked who was funding his presidential bid. He simply said: Emilio Aguinaldo.
His spokesman later said "Emilio Aguinaldo" represented the ordinary Filipinos contributing to Duterte’s campaign, supposedly run on a shoestring budget.
As it turned out, President Duterte used up P371,461,480.23 of the P375,009,474.90 in contributions that he received, according to his Statement of Contributions and Expenditures (SOCE) submitted to the Commission on Elections. He was the 4th top spender of the 5 presidential candidates.
Most of the contributions Duterte received for his campaign came from big businessmen – one of whom is even on the Forbes list of 50 richest Filipinos, according to a report by the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism.
Here's a quick look at the donors who helped fund Duterte’s successful presidential bid.
Biggest, smallest contributions
Duterte received the largest contribution from Antonio "Tonyboy" Floirendo Jr, representative of the 2nd district of Davao del Norte and son of the late banana magnate Antonio Floirendo Sr.
Floirendo Jr contributed a total of P75 million to Duterte's campaign.
The smallest cash contribution for Duterte’s campaign was P1,200, while his smallest in-kind contribution was worth P576.
Many of his biggest contributors were businessmen, mostly from Davao City and Manila.
Davao businessmen Lorenzo Te, Dennis A. Uy, and Samuel Uy donated P30 million each to Duterte's campaign.
Te is the president of Honda Cars Davao Inc and Honda Cars General Santos Inc, based on latest available records from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Dennis A. Uy is the president of independent oil company Phoenix Petroleum Philippines. The company's chairman Domingo T. Uy, gave an additional P5 million while one of its directors, Cherrylyn C. Uy, contributed P1 million.
Samuel Uy owns Davao Farms Corporation, involved in the egg and poultry industry, and is a stockholder in DIMDI Centre Inc and DIMDI Builders Center Inc. Both companies are in the general merchandising business. DIMDI stands for Davao Import Distributors Incorporated.
Nicasio Alcantara, president of the Alcantara Group of Companies and former chairman of Petron Corporation, gave P18 million.
His brother, Tomas Alcantara of independent power producer Alsons Consolidated Resources Inc, gave another P12 million. He was ranked #41 in Forbes Magazine's Philippines 50 Richest List in 2016.
Marcelino Mendoza, chief operating officer of MGS Corporation and former president and chairman of Vista Land, contributed P14.5 million. Michael Regino, president of Agata Mining Ventures and San Agustin Mining Services, gave P14 million.
Felix Ang, who donated P10 million, is the owner of car dealer CATS Motors Inc.
Other major contributors include Bienvenido F. Tan with P20 million and Patricia Escaler with P5 million, both from Makati City.
When Duterte was still contemplating a presidential bid before the filing of certificates of candidacy last year, a group of anonymous businessmen volunteered to help him raise campaign funds.
The group called Anonymous Patriots for a Peaceful and Progressive Philippines (AP4) pledged to raise P1 billion for Duterte's campaign. These businessmen supposedly did "not want any publicity or recognition" and were "merely showing their support" for Duterte.
AP4's membership has not yet been disclosed or revealed. The name of Benigno Gopez, a former waiter turned successful entrepreneur who spoke for the group, does not appear in Duterte's SOCE.
Carlos Dominguez III, who donated P3 million, is now the finance secretary in Duterte's Cabinet.
Salvador Medialdea, who gave P500,000, is Duterte's executive secretary. His wife, Ma. Bertola, donated another P1 million.
Ismael Sueno, with an in-kind contribution of sound system rental worth P21,600, has been appointed Duterte's interior secretary.
Based on the addresses declared on Duterte's SOCE, here are the top 5 sources of Duterte's campaign funds by location:
Duterte received P76.7 million in in-kind contributions, but the bulk of these were political tandem ads.
His running mate, Senator Alan Peter Cayetano, donated a total of P71.3 million for tandem ads, while senatorial bet Francis Tolentino donated P3.1 million for the same purpose.
The remaining amount, P2.2 million, were in-kind contributions from 56 donors, mostly for rental of venues and equipment for Duterte's campaign sorties nationwide.
Among these in-kind contributors were:
See the full list of contributors to Duterte's 2016 election campaign here.
Contributor Address Type Total Amount (in pesos)
– with Katerina Francisco/Rappler.com