Former president Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III largely stayed out of the limelight after his presidency ended in 2016. He was, however, remembered for the choice statements he had made while in Malacañang, often made powerful by the fact that they were made in the national language.
He was the first Philippine president to deliver his State of the Nation Address in Filipino.
Aquino, who was elected president in 2010, died on Thursday, June 24, at 61 years old. He had been suffering from various illnesses since 2019.
His speeches touched on different issues – from China’s aggression in the West Philippine Sea, the 2015 Mamasapano incident where elite cops were killed, to the legacy his parents left behind, among others.
“Ang layunin ko sa buhay ay simple lang: maging tapat sa aking mga magulang at sa bayan bilang isang marangal na anak, mabait na kuya, at mabuting mamamayan.
Nilabanan ng aking ama ang diktadura at ibinuwis niya ang kanyang buhay para tubusin ang ating demokrasya. Inialay ng aking ina ang kanyang buhay upang pangalagaan ang demokrasyang ito. Ilalaan ko ang aking buhay para siguraduhin na ang ating demokrasya ay kapaki-pakinabang sa bawat isa. Namuhunan na kami ng dugo at handang gawin itong muli kung kinakailangan.”
(I had a simple goal in life: to be true to my parents and our country as an honorable son, a caring brother, and a good citizen. My father offered his life to redeem our democracy. My mother devoted her life to nurturing that democracy. I will dedicate my life to making our democracy benefit everyone. My family has already shed blood as sacrifice, and I am willing to do this again if necessary.)
– From a speech during his inauguration as president in 2010. His mother, former president Corazon Aquino, died the previous year in August 2009.
“Kayo ang boss ko, kaya’t hindi maaaring hindi ako makinig sa mga utos ninyo.”
(You are my bosses, so I cannot ignore your orders.)
“Hangga’t buo ang ating pananalig at tiwala, at hangga’t nagsisilbi tayong lakas ng isa’t isa, patuloy nating mapapatunayan na, ‘the Filipino is worth dying for,’ ‘the Filipino is worth living for,’ at idadagdag ko naman po, ‘The Filipino is definitely worth fighting for.’”
(As long as our faith and trust remain strong, as long as we serve as each other’s strength, we will continue to prove that “the Filipino is worth definitely dying for,” “the Filipino is worth living for,” and if I might add, “the Filipino is worth fighting for.”)
– From his 5th State of the Nation Address in 2014. He echoed the famous line of his parent, former senator and slain Marcos critic Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr.
“We pursued all those who committed wrongdoing – regardless of their power, wealth, or influence. As you may have guessed, tangling with these very wealthy individuals and sectors with vested interests was not an easy task. But those in our administration were not shaken: Dismantling the culture of corruption was a promise we made to the people. If we truly wanted to improve the lives of our people, we could not possibly shirk away from this challenge. We had to take on all those who had a misplaced sense of entitlement – who believed that they had more rights than their fellow Filipinos.”
– From a speech he delivered during the opening plenary of the World Economic Forum hosted by the Philippines in 2014. It was during the Aquino administration when the multi-billion-peso scam – which saw politicians pocket kickbacks and commissions from the Priority Development Assistance Funds (PDAF) – unraveled.
“Since you are probably wondering, I will preempt the question and say, for the record: yes, my love life is still like Coke Zero. I hope that when I step down from the presidency, it will at least go back to being like Coke Light.”
– From his speech during the inauguration of a Coca-Cola factory in Laguna in 2014. Aquino, the country’s first bachelor president, often poked fun at his relationship status throughout the presidency. (READ: The bachelor president: Aquino and the women he met)
“You may have the might, but that does not necessarily make you right.”
– From an interview with the New York Times in 2014, in which he called on the international community to support the Philippines’ defense against China’s claims on the West Philippine Sea.
“Wala tayong balak mang-away, pero kailangan ding mabatid ng mundo na handa tayong ipagtanggol ang atin. Pinag-aaralan na rin po natin ang pag-angat ng kaso sa West Philippine Sea sa International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, upang masigurong sa mga susunod na pagkakataon ay hinahon at pagtitimpi ang maghahari tuwing may alitan sa teritoryo.”
(We are not trying to pick a fight, but we also need to let the world know that we are ready to defend what is ours. We are also studying the possibility of elevating the case on the West Philippine Sea to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, to make certain that, moving forward, calm and forbearance will prevail whenever there are territorial disputes.)
The Aquino administration filed an arbitration case against China in January 2013 before the United Nations-backed Permanent Court of Arbitration. In 2016, the PCA decided in favor of the Philippines.
Aquino, whose term ended when the historic ruling was released, said the Philippines’ victory was “a victory for all.”
"Ako ang Ama ng Bayan, at 44 sa aking mga anak ang nasawi. Hindi na sila maibabalik; nangyari ang trahedya sa ilalim ng aking panunungkulan; dadalhin ko po hanggang sa huling mga araw ko ang pangyayaring ito. Responsibilidad ko po sila, kasama ang buong puwersa ng SAF sa operasyong ito, pati na ang mga nagligtas sa kanila na nalagay din sa panganib ang buhay."
(I am the father of this country, and 44 of my children were killed. They can no longer be brought back. This tragedy happened during my term, and I will carry this to the end of my days. They were my responsibility, together with the rest of the forces of the SAF involved in this operation, as well as those who rescued them, and whose lives were likewise put in danger.)
– From a speech addressing the 2015 Mamasapano incident, a botched operation that killed more than 60 people, including 44 elite cops from the Special Action Force (SAF). Aquino drew flak over his handling of the incident, particularly when he skipped the arrival of the remains of state forces killed during the operation. (READ: President Aquino and the ghosts of Mamasapano)
“We have proven our capacity to fight for democracy. We have shown that we can take back democracy when it is stolen from us. Now, let us prove that we can continue making democracy work for the benefit of our people.
We have achieved everything we are enjoying today while respecting the process, the law, as well as the rights of each person. We did this without silencing anyone, and while valuing the freedom that those before us fought for.
We firmly believe in this principle: That there can be no true progress if we surrender our dignity and our rights...
To the Filipino people: May we never lose our patience with the ways of democracy, and may we never take it for granted or be passive in its defense.”
– From a speech during the 2016 Independence Day Vin d’Honneur in Malacañang, a few days before he stepped down from office
“Tungkulin ng bawat henerasyon na ipagpatuloy ang magandang nasimulan ng nauna sa kanila. Kaming mga nauna sa inyo ay nagsusumikap na huwag nang ipasa ang mga problemang namana namin. Umaasa ako na kayo naman ay magsisikap ding huwag nang mag-iwan pa ng mga problema sa mga susunod na salinlahi.
Limang taon at tatlong buwan na lang po ang natitira sa trabaho kong ito. Pagkatapos nito, magpapahaba na akong muli ng aking buhok. Simple lang naman po ang pangarap ko sa buhay: Kapag tinawag na ako ng Poong Maykapal, at sinabi Niyang finished or not finished, pass your papers, maipagmamalaki kong naiwan ko ang mundong ito nang mas maayos kaysa sa aking dinatnan. Iyan din po ang panawagan ko sa bawat isa sa atin.”
(It is the duty of each generation to continue the good done by those who came before them. We who came before you are striving not to pass down the problems we inherited. I hope that you do the same thing for the future generations. I only have five years and three months to do my job. After this, I will let my hair grow. I just have a simple dream in life: When I’m called by God Almighty, and He tells me, finished or not fishined, pass your papers, I will be able to say that I left this world better than I found it. This is also what I ask of you.)
Jodesz Gavilan is a writer and researcher for Rappler and its investigative arm, Newsbreak. She covers human rights and also hosts the weekly podcast Newsbreak: Beyond the Stories. She joined Rappler in 2014 after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines.