Philippine arts

1st day of Metro Manila GCQ: ‘Walang masakyan’

Aika Rey

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1st day of Metro Manila GCQ: ‘Walang masakyan’
A stranded passenger laments the 'social injustice' brought about by the reopening of businesses without the operation of jeepneys and buses

MANILA, Philippines – The commute was already bad pre-lockdown in early March. It became worse when Metro Manila shifted to the much more relaxed general community quarantine (GCQ) on Monday, June 1.

Several people were stranded along Metro Manila roads on Monday, as the capital region reopened without sufficient options for mass transportation.

Majority of industries were allowed to go back to work under GCQ. However, while most commuters relied on public transportation, the government allowed the limited operation only of train systems, bus augmentation, taxis, transport network vehicle services, shuttle services, and point-to-point buses.

The lack of public utility vehicles (PUVs) and the limited passenger capacity of the modes allowed to operated pushed people to walk or wait for the emergency vehicle augmentation from the national government.

“Grabe ang social injustice ng GCQ! I’ve been waiting for more than two hours para lang makasakay hanggang MRT North Avenue and walang masakyan. ‘Yung iba dito mas matagal nang naghihintay. This is unfair and unhealthy. Hustisya? More likely, anti-poor,” said Twitter user @chekoiiii.

(The social injustice during GCQ is excessive! I’ve been waiting for more than two hours just to get a ride up to MRT North Avenue, but I can’t get one. Others here have been waiting longer. This is unfair and unhealthy. What justice? More likely, it’s anti-poor.)

In a desperate move to get a ride, commuters along Commonwealth Avenue in Quezon City were seen crowding inside military trucks and police vehicles hastily dispatched by the national government, and violating physical distancing requirements. 

Transport group Piston slammed the government’s mass transportation policy during GCQ as “anti-poor, anti-people, anti-worker, anti-public transportation, and anti-commuter.”

“Ano nang nangyari sa physical distancing na sinasabi ng gobyerno? ‘Nilagay ng gobyerno sa mas lalong peligrong sitwasyong magkakahawaan ang mga pasahero,” Piston head George San Mateo said.

(What happened to the so-called physical distancing that the government wanted to implement? The government placed commuters in a riskier situation where they might get infected.)


Transportation crisis

While Transportation Secretary Arthur Tugade asked for the public’s understanding, he also said the department “never promised” that sufficient PUVs would be back come GCQ.

“Wala kaming pinangako o sinabi na ang transportasyon ay magiging (We never promised or said that transportation will be) extensive and will meet the requirements of all on the first day of GCQ, and even in the duration of the GCQ for that matter,” Tugade said in a CNN Philippines’ The Source interview.

“Because, as I’ve said, our approach is partial, limited, calculated, and gradual,” the transport chief added. (READ: Will public transportation be enough once Metro Manila is placed under GCQ?)

NEW BUS SYSTEM. Buses queue at the southbound lane of EDSA near the MRT North Avenue station as rush hour traffic builds up during the first day of the General Community Quarantine (GCQ) in NCR o June 1, 2020. Photo by Angie de Silva/Rappler

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board allowed two city bus routes to open starting June 2 to serve Bulacan and Cavite commuters. These two routes will be:

  • From Angat, Bulacan, to Quezon Avenue in Quezon City, and back.
  • Dasmariñas, Cavite, dropping off passenger at Heritage Hotel in Pasay City, before stationing at the Parañaque Integrated Terminal Exchange, and back. 

Bikers continued to cycle along EDSA too, even as Metropolitan Manila Development Authority General Manager Jojo Garcia warned against it. Days ahead of GCQ, Garcia said that biking was prohibited along EDSA pending the construction of a bike lane. (READ: On their own: Commuters and the looming transportation crisis in Metro Manila)

Meanwhile, bike advocates set up pop-up lanes along Commonwealth to protect new and old bikers who would pass through the highway. The volunteers also assisted bikers who encountered problems along the way.


Calls for jeepney operations

As the Department of Transportation (DOTr) pushed for PUV modernization, jeepney drivers staged protests in different parts of the metro, asking the government to allow them back on the road.

A driver at the Commonwealth protest held placards asking for help, saying that he did not receive cash aid for drivers from the national government.

Under DOTr’s plan, mass transportation should resume in two phases. High capacity modes of transportation were allowed starting Monday, while public utility buses, modern jeepneys, and UV Express will start plying Metro Manila roads on June 22.

PROTEST. Jeepnery drivers hold a protest along Commonwealth Avenue in Quezon City on June 1, 2020, demanding that the government allow them to operate during the General Community Quarantine in Metro Manila. Photo by Angie de Silva/Rappler

What about traditional jeepneys? Tugade said jeepneys would be allowed, subject to conditions such as road worthiness and the ability to implement health protocols.

Earlier, Transportation Assistant Secretary Goddes Libiran said traditional jeepneys would be allowed, following the “hierarchy of modes of transportation,” which gives priority to buses and modern PUVs. Traditional jeepneys are at the bottom of the hierarchy.

Transport groups accused DOTr of discrimination against traditional jeepneys as the government pushed for PUV modernization.

See what the online universe had to say about the transportation crisis that Metro Manila faces:

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Aika Rey

Aika Rey is a business reporter for Rappler. She covered the Senate of the Philippines before fully diving into numbers and companies. Got tips? Find her on Twitter at @reyaika or shoot her an email at