Ex-general in military corruption scandal cleared in P428M tax case

Lian Buan
Ex-general in military corruption scandal cleared in P428M tax case
The Court of Tax Appeals acquits former military comptroller Jacinto Ligot of tax crimes, but says the deficiency assessment of the Bureau of Internal Revenue stands

MANILA, Philippines – The Court of Tax Appeals (CTA) has acquitted
retired Lt Gen Jacinto C. Ligot and wife Erlinda Ligot of 4 counts of tax deficiencies worth P428 million.

The CTA Third Division acquitted the Ligots in a decision promulgated January 8, mainly because an extensive paper trail of bank evidence was stricken off the record for violating bank secrecy laws.

“With the state of the evidence in these consolidated cases, the prosecution failed to prove that the accused Spouses Ligot have other assets purchased with undeclared income,” said the decision written by Associate Justice Ma. Belen Ringpis-Liban with a concurrence from Associate Justice Erlinda Uy.

The Ligots are out on bail.

Ligot, a former comptroller of the Armed Forces, was involved in one of the biggest corruption scandals in Philippine military history that was first exposed in 2004 and culminated in multiple investigations in 2011.

He was accused of amassing unexplained wealth during his term as comptroller.

The first to be exposed in 2004 was his successor, retired Maj Gen Carlos Garcia, who also once faced plunder charges until he entered into a plea bargain deal with under then Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez. (READ: General Garcia: How the big fish got away)

After a series of Senate investigations in 2011, then military chief Angelo Reyes, who was also dragged into the issue, took his life in front of his mother’s grave.

The prosecution accused Ligot of acquiring tax deficiencies worth P428 million from 2001 to 2004.

“A perusal of the Statements of Assets Liabilities and Networth (SALNs) shows that accused Jacinto Ligot did not declare bank deposits, assets and investments, the value of which are beyond their compensation,” said the decision, citing the case built by the Department of Justice (DOJ) prosecution.

The prosecution added: “Considering that accused Erlinda Ligot is described as a mere ‘housewife’ in these documents with no source of income, there can be no other conclusion that the accused Spouses Ligot failed to declare their true and correct income in their ITR, thereby evading the payment of correct income taxes.”

Aside from bank assets, the prosecution said the Ligots bought real estate properties including a 14-hectare land in Malaybalay City; two Paseo Parkview Tower 2 Condominium units with one parking slot in Makati City; a unit at Essensa East Forbes Condominum; properties in Anaheim and Orange County in California; and a parcel of land in Tanay, Rizal.

AMLC report struck off 

The Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) was able to generate a report of the mismatch in assets and lawful income but in 2015, the CTA struck all evidence off the record because they did not fall “within any exception of the best evidence rule.”

The CTA said the AMLC probe was sanctioned for a case at the Makati Regional Trial Court (RTC), not for the tax cases. 

Bank secrecy laws in the Philippines will not apply in certain cases such as impeachment, cases related to the Human Security Act, and some kinds of forfeiture cases such as when a deposit makes its way to a wrong account and the bank needs to retrieve it.

“Those exceptions, also find no application in the case of the accused Spouses Ligot,” the CTA ruled.

“Having no assets purportedly purchased with other income, they could not have willfully violated Secs. 254 and 255 of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC). In the face of all the foregoing, we have reasonable doubt of the guilt of the accused Spouses Ligot,” added the tax court.

The Ligots still face a related P55-million forfeiture case at the anti-graft court Sandiganbayan.

The earlier deficiency assessment of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) still stands, said the CTA.

“The records of this case do not show that the Formal Letter of Demand and Final Assessment Notice (FLD/FAN) was even protested by the accused Spouses Ligot despite actual knowledge thereof, as discussed above. If that is indeed the case, then as regards the civil liability of the accused Spouses Ligot arising from obligation, the FLD/FAN would have been rendered final and executory,” the CTA said. – Rappler.com 


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Lian Buan

Lian Buan covers justice and corruption for Rappler. She is interested in decisions, pleadings, audits, contracts, and other documents that establish a trail. If you have leads, email lian.buan@rappler.com or tweet @lianbuan.