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5 PH-South Korea deals signed, but no free trade agreement yet

Pia Ranada

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5 PH-South Korea deals signed, but no free trade agreement yet
Only a statement on an 'early achievement package' on the much-awaited FTA is signed during President Rodrigo Duterte's visit to Busan, South Korea

MANILA, Philippines – Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is set to bring home 5 bilateral agreements with South Korea from his ongoing visit to Busan, but the much awaited free trade agreement is not among them.

Philippine and South Korean officials signed the 5 deals on Monday, November 25, in the presence of Duterte and South Korean President Moon Jae-in in a hotel in Busan.

The deals are the following:

  • Agreement on social security between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Government of the Republic of Korea
  • Implementation program of the MOU on tourism cooperation between the Department of Tourism of the Republic of the Philippines and the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism of the Republic of Korea
  • Joint statement by the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Korea on the early achievement package of the negotiations of the Philippines-Korea free trade agreement
  • Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in fisheries
  • Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of education

Delayed free trade agreement

Conspicuously missing among the 5 documents is an actual Philippine-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (FTA) which the two governments had targeted to sign during Duterte’s attendance to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations-Republic of Korea Commemorative Summit.

Instead of an FTA, what was signed was an “early achievement package” on negotiations about the FTA, which is basically just a commitment to “continue the discussion for next year,” Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez told reporters, according to an Inquirer report.

It’s a disappointing development since the two governments had declared back in April that an FTA would be signed during the ASEAN-ROK summit which is taking place from Monday to Tuesday, November 26.

An FTA would be a boon to Philippine exports because this would mean no tariffs for Philippine products shipped to South Korea. Currently, a 30% tax is imposed on Philippine bananas, even as the Philippines is South Korea’s biggest supplier of the fruit.

South Korea has still not agreed to bring down this tariff across a 5-year period.

The signing of an FTA during Duterte’s November trip would have coincided with the celebration of 70 years of diplomatic ties between the Philippines and South Korea.

This is Duterte’s second visit to South Korea as president and his third bilateral meeting with President Moon.

During the meeting, Duterte thanked South Korea for its donation of $100,000 for victims of a series of earthquakes in Mindanao last October.

South Korea is the Philippines’ 4th largest trading partner, with total trade worth over P13 billion in 2018. The eastern Asian country is also the Philippines’ 13th top source of foreign direct investments. –









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Pia Ranada

Pia Ranada is Rappler’s Community Lead, in charge of linking our journalism with communities for impact.