Sandiganbayan orders return of P124.5M in Revilla plunder case

Lian Buan

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Sandiganbayan orders return of P124.5M in Revilla plunder case
(3rd UPDATE) Dissenting Justice Estoesta says Revilla must pay a share in the P124.5 million that should be returned

MANILA, Philippines (3rd UPDATE) – The anti-graft court Sandiganbayan ordered the return of P124.5 million to the national treasury, after the special first division convicted Janet Lim Napoles and Richard Cambe of plunder on Friday, December 7.

The First Division voted 3-2 to acquit former senator Ramon “Bong” Revilla Jr.

“Pursuant to Article 100 of the Revised Penal Code, accused are held solidarily and jointly liable to return to the National Treasury the amount of P124,500,000.00,” read the verdict.

Will Revilla be required to pay part of the amount as well? The decision does not categorically state who are liable, and the 5th division does not want to go beyond the text of the decision.

But according to Revilla’s lawyer Rean Balisi, the former senator should not be required to pay based on Article 100 of the Revised Penal Code.

Article 100 states that “every person criminally liable for a felony is also civilly liable.” Revilla was acquitted of the criminal charge of plunder, and therefore, according to Balisi, not civilly liable.

This clarifies an earlier statement by Revilla’s other lawyer Ramon Esguerra who told reporters right after the hearing: “There is a part of the judgment ordering all the 3 accused, including the senator, to return P124 million more or less. Of course that will be the subject of a motion for reconsideration.”

A copy of the full decision has not been released as of writing.

Cambe is Revilla’s former staff. Star witness Benhur Luy said he delivered kickbacks personally to Cambe.

Ombudsman prosecutors hoped to prove that the money went to Revilla by way of an explosive Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) report which says the details found on Luy’s records matched those of deposits to Revilla accounts.

A witness from two banks also testified that there were daily deposits that exceeded P500,000, which later became subject of a suspicious transaction report, and that some of the accounts were closed in 2013 after the scandal broke.

“For failure of the prosecution to establish beyond reasonable doubt that accused Ramon ‘Bong’ Revilla Jr received, directly or indirectly the rebates, commissions, and kickbacks from his PDAF, the court cannot hold him liable for the crime of plunder,” said the decision penned by Associate Justice Geraldine Faith Econg.

Econg got concurrences from Associate Justices Edgardo Caldona and Georgina Hidalgo, both of whom are Duterte appointees. Division chairman Associate Justices Efren dela Cruz and Associate Justice Ma. Theresa Dolores Gomez-Estoesta dissented.

“It is an unpopular decision. I would have loved to be a heroine, that I convicted him, but at the end of the day we are bound by evidence,” Econg told reporters afterwards.


In the dissenting opinion of Associate Justice Ma Theresa Dolores Gomez-Estoesta, the justice said Revilla must pay a share.

“It did not extricate Senator Revilla from civil liability found for all accused in the recomputed amount of P124.5 million which they should answer for in a joint and several capacity,” Estoesta said.

This is the reason why Estoesta said Revilla must also have criminal liability.

“It only goes to say, therefore, that since all 3 accused were made to answer for the same civil liability, the source of the accumulation of wealth as found in the criminal liability should also be the same,” Estoesta explained.

The court said parties can file a motion for clarification.

Waiting for release order

During the promulgation, other justices of the Sandiganbayan came to watch in the gallery, including Associate Justices Rafael Lagos, Michael Frederick Musngi, Kevin Vivero, Reynaldo Cruz, and Maria Theresa Mendoza-Arcega.

Revilla immediately paid bail for his still-pending 16 counts of graft. He was returned to Camp Crame while waiting for a release order from the court.

Revilla’s wife Lani Mercado said she talked to Cambe, who could only console relatives who were crying and hugging him after the conviction.

“I’m sad for his decision but we will still be there for him,” she said, adding that they will help him appeal.

In the course of the trial, Cambe had to lawyer for himself while Revilla had a battery of lawyers from multiple firms. Eventually, Cambe got his cousin to lawyer for him.

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Lian Buan

Lian Buan is a senior investigative reporter, and minder of Rappler's justice, human rights and crime cluster.