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Presented by 2021 Nobel Peace Prize laureates Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov at the Freedom of Expression Conference, Nobel Peace Center, Oslo, Norway, on September 2, 2022.
We call for a world in which technology is built in service of humanity and where our global public square protects human rights above profits.
Right now, the huge potential of technology to advance our societies has been undermined by the business model and design of the dominant online platforms. But we remind all those in power that true human progress comes from harnessing technology to advance rights and freedoms for all, not sacrificing them for the wealth and power of a few.
We urge rights-respecting democracies to wake up to the existential threat of information ecosystems being distorted by a Big Tech business model fixated on harvesting people’s data and attention, even as it undermines serious journalism and polarizes debate in society and political life.
When facts become optional and trust disappears, we will no longer be able to hold power to account. We need a public sphere where fostering trust with a healthy exchange of ideas is valued more highly than corporate profits and where rigorous journalism can cut through the noise.
Many governments around the world have exploited these platforms’ greed to grab and consolidate power. That is why they also attack and muzzle the free press. Clearly, these governments cannot be trusted to address this crisis. But nor should we put our rights in the hands of technology companies’ intent on sustaining a broken business model that actively promotes disinformation, hate speech and abuse.
The resulting toxic information ecosystem is not inevitable. Those in power must do their part to build a world that puts human rights, dignity, and security first, including by safeguarding scientific and journalistic methods and tested knowledge. To build that world, we must:
Bring an end to the surveillance-for-profit business model
The invisible ‘editors’ of today’s information ecosystem are the opaque algorithms and recommender systems built by tech companies that track and target us. They amplify misogyny, racism, hate, junk science and disinformation – weaponizing every societal fault line with relentless surveillance to maximize “engagement”. This surveillance-for-profit business model is built on the con of our supposed consent. But forcing us to choose between allowing platforms and data brokers to feast on our personal data or being shut out from the benefits of the modern world is simply no choice at all. The vast machinery of corporate surveillance not only abuses our right to privacy, but allows our data to be used against us, undermining our freedoms and enabling discrimination.
This unethical business model must be reined in globally, including by bringing an end to surveillance advertising that people never asked for and of which they are often unaware. Europe has made a start, with the Digital Services and Digital Markets Acts. Now these must be enforced in ways that compel platforms to de-risk their design, detox their algorithms and give users real control. Privacy and data rights, to date largely notional, must also be properly enforced. And advertisers must use their money and influence to protect their customers against a tech industry that is actively harming people.
End tech discrimination and treat people everywhere equally
Global tech companies afford people unequal rights and protection depending on their status, power, nationality, and language. We have seen the painful and destructive consequences of tech companies’ failure to prioritize the safety of all people everywhere equally. Companies must be legally required to rigorously assess human rights risks in every country they seek to expand in, ensuring proportionate language and cultural competency. They must also be forced to bring their closed-door decisions on content moderation and algorithm changes into the light and end all special exemptions for those with the most power and reach. These safety, design, and product choices that affect billions of people cannot be left to corporations to decide. Transparency and accountability rules are an essential first step to reclaiming the internet for the public good.
Rebuild independent journalism as the antidote to tyranny
Big tech platforms have unleashed forces that are devastating independent media by swallowing up online advertising while simultaneously enabling a tech-fueled tsunami of lies and hate that drown out facts. For facts to stand a chance, we must end the amplification of disinformation by tech platforms. But this alone is not enough. Just 13% of the world’s population can currently access a free press. If we are to hold power to account and protect journalists, we need unparalleled investment in a truly independent media persevering in situ or working in exile that ensures its sustainability while incentivizing compliance with ethical norms in journalism.
21st century newsrooms must also forge a new, distinct path, recognizing that to advance justice and rights, they must represent the diversity of the communities they serve. Governments must ensure the safety and independence of journalists who are increasingly being attacked, imprisoned, or killed on the frontlines of this war on facts.
We, as Nobel Laureates, from across the world, send a united message: together we can end this corporate and technological assault on our lives and liberties, but we must act now. It is time to implement the solutions we already have to rebuild journalism and reclaim the technological architecture of global conversation for all humanity.
We call on all rights-respecting democratic governments to:
1. Require tech companies to carry out independent human rights impact assessments that must be made public as well as demand transparency on all aspects of their business – from content moderation to algorithm impacts to data processing to integrity policies.
2. Protect citizens’ right to privacy with robust data protection laws.
3. Publicly condemn abuses against the free press and journalists globally and commit funding and assistance to independent media and journalists under attack.
We call on the EU to:
4. Be ambitious in enforcing the Digital Services and Digital Markets Acts so these laws amount to more than just ‘new paperwork’ for the companies and instead force them to make changes to their business model, such as ending algorithmic amplification that threatens fundamental rights and spreads disinformation and hate, including in cases where the risks originate outside EU borders.
5. Urgently propose legislation to ban surveillance advertising, recognizing this practice is fundamentally incompatible with human rights.
6. Properly enforce the EU General Data Protection Regulation so that people’s data rights are finally made reality.
7. Include strong safeguards for journalists’ safety, media sustainability and democratic guarantees in the digital space in the forthcoming European Media Freedom Act.
8. Protect media freedom by cutting off disinformation upstream. This means there should be no special exemptions or carve-outs for any organisation or individual in any new technology or media legislation. With globalized information flows, this would give a blank check to those governments and non-state actors who produce industrial scale disinformation to harm democracies and polarize societies everywhere.
9. Challenge the extraordinary lobbying machinery, the astroturfing campaigns and recruitment revolving door between big tech companies and European government institutions.
We call on the UN to:
10. Create a special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General focused on the Safety of Journalists (SESJ) who would challenge the current status quo and finally raise the cost of crimes against journalists.
Dmitry Muratov, 2021 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
Maria Ressa, 2021 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Amnesty International, 1977 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director, ICAN – the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, 2017 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Kailash Satyarthi, 2014 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Jody Williams, 1997 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Juan Manuel Santos, 2016 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Leymah Gbowee, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Nadia Murad, 2018 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Shirin Ebadi, 2003 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Tawakkol Karman, 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Alexandra Geese, Member of the European Parliament
- Bruce Mutsvairo, Associate Professor, Media and Performance Studies, University of Utrecht
- Can Dundar, Turkish journalist in exile
- Carole Cadwalladr, Guardian & Observer journalist & co-founder, The Real Facebook Oversight Board
- Christophe Deloire, Chair of the Forum on Information and Democracy
- David Carroll, Associate Professor of Media Design, The New School
- Frances Haugen, Facebook Whistleblower
- Gerard Ryle, Director, International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
- Irene Khan, UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of expression and opinion
- Julie Posetti, Deputy Vice President and Global Director of Research, International Center for Journalists
- Khadija Patel, Chair of the International Press Institute
- Marietje Schaake, Stanford Cyber Policy Center
- Mogens Blicher Bjerregård, International Advisor, Danish Union of Journalists
- Peter Pomerantsev, Senior Fellow, Johns Hopkins University
- Paul Tang, Member of the European Parliament
- Phumzile van Damme, Ethical Tech Activist and Former South Africa MP
- Roger McNamee, former advisor to Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg; author of Zucked: Waking Up to the Facebook Catastrophe
- Safiya Umoja Noble, MacArthur Fellow, Professor, and Author, Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism
- Shoshana Zuboff, Author, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism; Professor Emeritus Harvard Business School; Co-Chair Steering Committee, International Observatory on Information and Democracy
- Staffan I. Lindberg, Professor of Political Science, University of Gothenburg
- Susie Alegre, Human Rights Lawyer and Author of Freedom to Think: The Long Struggle to Liberate Our Minds
- Access Now
- All Out Action Fund
- ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights
- Burmese Rohingya Organisation UK
- Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations
- Centre for Peace Studies
- Corporate Europe Observatory
- Digitalcourage e.V.
- Digital Society, Switzerland
- Defend Democracy
- Deutsche Vereinigung für Datenschutz (DVD)
- D64 – Zentrum für Digitalen Fortschritt (Center for Digital Progress)
- Electronic Frontier Finland (Effi)
- Elektronisk Forpost Norge
- Estonian Human Rights Centre
- European Digital Rights (EDRi)
- EU DisinfoLab
- European Federation of Public Service Unions
- Freedom United
- Free Expression Myanmar
- Free Press (United States)
- Global Project Against Hate and Extremism
- Global Witness
- Human Rights Watch
- Hacked Off
- I Am Here International
- Irish Council of Civil Liberties
- KaskoSan Roma Charity
- Kofi Annan Foundation
- Larger Us
- Lie Detectors
- Movement Against Disinformation, Philippines
- Nadia’s Initiative
- National Center on Race and Digital Justice (U.S.)
- Open Rights Group
- Panoptykon Foundation
- People vs. Big Tech
- Progressive Voice Myanmar
- Ranking Digital Rights
- Reporters Sans Frontières
- Simply Secure
- Stiftung Neue Verantwortung
- Stichting the London Story
- SUPERRR Lab
- The Civil Liberties Union for Europe (Liberties)
- The Coalition for Women in Journalism
- The Daphne Caruana Galizia Foundation
- The Fritt Ord Foundation
- The Institute for Strategic Dialogue
- The Legal Resources Centre
- The ‘NEVER AGAIN’ Association
- The Real Facebook Oversight Board
- The Signals Network
- Transparency International EU
- UCLA Center for Critical Internet Inquiry
- Victims Advocate International
- WeMove Europe
- Wikimedia Deutschland
- 5 Rights Foundation