Philippine GDP

High growth, high inflation: Philippines beats 2022 GDP target

Ralf Rivas

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High growth, high inflation: Philippines beats 2022 GDP target

BUSINESS HUB. A view of the Makati City skyline on June 2, 2022.

Mau Victa/Rappler

(2nd UPDATE) The Philippine economy grows 7.6% in 2022, exceeding the government's target of 6.5% to 7.5%

MANILA, Philippines – The Philippines’ gross domestic product (GDP) accelerated by 7.6% in 2022, as holiday consumption and further reopening of businesses boosted growth despite prices of goods rising to 14-year highs.

The Philippine Statistics Authority on Thursday, January 26, also initially reported that fourth quarter growth hit 7.2%. This was later revised downward to 7.1%, still marking the seventh consecutive quarter of growth.

President Ferdinand Marcos Jr.’s economic team aimed for GDP to grow between 6.5% and 7.5% in 2022.

Among countries in Asia that have reported latest GDP figures, the Philippines grew the fastest, followed by Vietnam with 5.9% growth and China with 2.9%.

Main contributors to the annual growth were wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, manufacturing, and construction.

Among major economic sectors, agriculture, industry, and services posted growth rates of 0.5%, 6.7%, and 9.2%, respectively.

Elevated prices

Household consumption grew 8.3%, signaling that families continued to spend despite inflation climbing to 5.8% in 2022.

Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Arsenio Balisacan attributed economic growth to the country’s high employment rate pushing up consumption despite elevated prices.

With inflation eating up household savings and likely causing people to accumulate debt, is this growth sustainable?

Balisacan said addressing inflation is the Marcos administration’s top priority for 2023, as elevated prices would “negate what we have achieved in recent years.”

“We will continue to support consumers and affected sectors through the extension of reduced tariffs on various products, facilitation of an accessible food supply chain, reduction of transport and logistics costs, and other measures to cushion the impacts of inflation on the purchasing power of households,” he said.

For 2023, the government’s economic managers are aiming for GDP growth to settle between 6% and 7%.

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Economists earlier said emerging markets like the Philippines could take a hit from monetary policy tightening as central banks around the world rein in inflation.

GDP growth is the year-on-year change in a country’s economic output which measures how fast an economy is growing. It provides a snapshot of the state of the economy and helps government officials craft policies, but does not reflect other economic indicators like income inequality or the sustainability of growth. –

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Ralf Rivas

A sociologist by heart, a journalist by profession. Ralf is Rappler's business reporter, covering macroeconomy, government finance, companies, and agriculture.