finance industry

Hong Kong, struggling to revive hub status, sells ‘China advantage’ to global banks


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Hong Kong, struggling to revive hub status, sells ‘China advantage’ to global banks

INVESTMENT SUMMIT. Hong Kong Chief Executive John Lee speaks during the Global Financial Leaders' Investment Summit in Hong Kong, November 2, 2022.

Tyrone Siu/Reuters

'Hong Kong remains the only place in the world where the global advantage and the China advantage come together in a single city,' says Hong Kong Chief Executive John Lee

HONG KONG – Hong Kong and Chinese officials on Wednesday, November 2, touted the city’s connection to the world’s second largest economy as they looked to restore its reputation as a global financial hub after years of punishing COVID-19 crackdowns.

Hong Kong’s status as a premier financial center has been clouded by strict anti-virus restrictions, anti-government protests in 2019, and China’s imposition of a sweeping national security law on the city a year later.

An international business conference on Wednesday was the biggest corporate event in Hong Kong since it shut its borders in 2020 to combat the pandemic. Those measures have badly hit the economy and have resulted in an exodus of talent.

“Hong Kong remains the only place in the world where the global advantage and the China advantage come together in a single city,” Hong Kong Chief Executive John Lee told about 250 participants in the Global Financial Leaders’ Investment Summit, organized by the city’s de-facto central bank the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA).

“This unique convergence makes Hong Kong the irreplaceable connection between the mainland and the rest of the world.”

Some of the world’s biggest banking bosses, including Goldman Sachs’ David Solomon and Morgan Stanley‘s James Gorman, were in Hong Kong for the first time in almost three years for the summit.

For foreign financial firms operating in China and Hong Kong, the summit comes as they navigate growing tensions between the United States and China, which have also caught the former British colony in the crosshairs.

Two US lawmakers last week urged top American bankers to cancel their attendance, saying participation would contribute to human rights abuses by China’s government. Beijing rejects accusations of rights abuses.

In pre-recorded interviews for the summit, China’s top regulatory officials on Wednesday also pledged their support to Hong Kong and said reforms and liberalization would continue in China to attract foreign investors.

China Securities Regulatory Commission vice chairman Fang Xinghai said its opening-up policy has a “firm foundation,” while criticizing international media coverage, saying that a lot of reports “really don’t understand China very well.”

UBS Group chairman Colm Kelleher agreed.

“Whilst we are all very pro-China, and like vice chairman Fang said we are not reading the American press, we actually buy the story, but it is a bit [of a] waiting for zero-COVID to open up in China and see what will happen,” he said.

China is fighting its largest COVID-19 outbreak since the summer as cases again erupt across the country, triggering concerns that Beijing’s heavy-handed response to outbreaks is exacting a growing toll on the world’s second largest economy.

Growth opportunities

Hong Kong chief Lee said the city would continue working towards lifting COVID-19 restrictions.

The city’s economy shrank faster in the third quarter, contracting 4.5% from the same period a year earlier, the third straight quarterly downturn, as geopolitical tensions, China’s slowdown, and lingering pandemic worries weighed.

Lee said that Hong Kong was working to attract top talent to offset a major brain drain in the past three years due to pandemic rules.

Hong Kong has eased COVID-19 curbs in recent weeks, with the city scrapping a hotel quarantine requirement for all visitors in September.

The summit saw business leaders gather in a hotel ballroom without face masks, which are still mandatory outdoors.

“It is great for Hong Kong to open up and we are glad to be back,” Anand Selvakesari, chief executive officer of personal banking and wealth management of Citigroup, told Reuters on the sidelines of the conference.

Market volatility

Global financial institutions have long flocked to Hong Kong as a springboard into China, looking to tap into its rapidly expanding economy and its trillions of dollars worth of financial markets.

Held against the backdrop of heightened market volatility, top bankers at the summit said central banks will get inflation under control, but there will be turbulence in the near term due to monetary tightening and geopolitical risks.

Inflation and a very quick tightening of monetary conditions after over a decade of relatively accommodative monetary policies make the world more volatile, and uncertain, said Goldman Sachs’ Solomon.

It “allows exposures where there’s leverage in the system to be amplified very quickly,” he said, while pointing to the recent market volatility in the UK as an example of how things could go wrong during a liquidity squeeze. –

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