2022 Philippine Elections

Comelec postpones Maguindanao plebiscite, 4 others to prep for 2022 polls

Dwight de Leon
Comelec postpones Maguindanao plebiscite, 4 others to prep for 2022 polls

Alejandro Edoria/Rappler

Comelec points out that their calendar of activities in preparation for the 2022 elections is already too stacked

The Commission on Elections postponed five plebiscites that were scheduled to be conducted before the 2022 elections – including the vote to ratify the division of Maguindanao into two provinces – due to the need to concentrate the poll body’s resources towards preparations for next year’s national and local elections.

Comelec’s Resolution No. 10716, released on Wednesday, August 18, listed the pending plebiscites affected:

  • The plebiscite to ratify the creation of Barangay New Canaan into a regular and district barangay in the municipality of Alabel, Sarangani
  • The plebiscite to ratify the merging of Barangay District 1 and Barangay District 28 and the renaming of Barangay 29 in Ormoc City;
  • The plebiscite to ratify the conversion of the municipality of Calaca in the province of Batangas into a component city
  • The plebiscite to ratify the conversion of the city of San Jose Del Monte into a highly urbanized city
  • The plebiscite to ratify the division of Maguindanao into two provinces

“The Commission En Banc…hereby resolves to suspend the conduct of all plebiscites, and schedule the holding of said plebiscites within four months from the end of the election period for the May 9, 2022 national and local elections,” the resolution read.

Poll body officials pointed out that their calendar of activities is too stacked – from the configuration of vote-counting machines, to the preparation of the final database for all elective positions, to the printing of ballots – for them to work on the conduct of plebiscites in 2021.

They added that plebiscites may consume more preparation time due to COVID-19 challenges, as experienced during the Palawan plebiscite in March.

“Considering the timeline laid above for the preparation for the 2022 [polls] and the arduous preparations needed for its implementation, in order to concentrate all its resources in the preparation for the May 9, 2022 [elections], there is a need to set a cutoff date for the conduct of plebiscites,” the resolution read.

Postponed plebiscites

In May, President Rodrigo Duterte signed into law a bill that sought to divide Maguindanao into Maguindanao Del Norte and Maguindanao Del Sur. 

Proponents of the measure had said providing basic services to the people of Maguindanao has been challenging due to its size. Maguindanao, with an average annual income of P714.56 million, is home to over 1.1 million people. 

The same month, Duterte also approved a measure that sought to convert the town of Calaca in Batangas – with a population of over 81,000 and a 2016 revenue of up to P361 million – into a component city.

Both measures said a plebiscite must be conducted by the Comelec within 90 days of the measures taking effect, which would be around September. 

But as Comelec pointed out in its resolution, the Supreme Court in 2019 upheld the poll body’s power to “defer the conduct of all plebiscites so as to enable it to focus all its attention and concentrate all its manpower and other resources on its preparation for the said elections.”

In April 2020, the Comelec postponed the Palawan plebiscite, which sought to ratify the division of Palawan into three separate provinces, scheduled for May 11 that year. It was finally held almost a year later, on March 13, 2021. – Rappler.com

Dwight de Leon

Dwight de Leon is a multimedia reporter who covers local government units and the Commission on Elections for Rappler.