Powers and Duties: Senator in the Philippines

Term of Office
  • 6 years starting noon of June 30 following election day
  • Can be elected to a maximum of 2 consecutive terms in office
Qualifications
  • Natural-born Filipino citizen
  • At least 35 years old on election day
  • Able to read and write
  • Registered voter 
  • Resident of the Philippines for at least 2 years immediately preceding the day of the election
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Create bills, resolutions, concurrent resolutions, and simple resolutions
  • Debate measures in respective committees and during plenary sessions
  • Conduct inquiries in aid of legislation
  • Propose or concur with amendments in the appropriation of funds by the House of Representatives
  • Try and decide cases of impeachment
  • Declare the existence of a state of war (two-thirds vote along with the House, voting separately)
  • Authorize the president to exercise powers to carry out a declared national policy “for a limited period and subject to restrictions” in times of war or other national emergency
  • Revoke or extend the president’s proclamation of martial law
  • Concur with or reject amnesty by the president
  • Concur with or reject treaties or international agreements (two-thirds vote)
  • Propose amendments to the Constitution through a constituent assembly or constitutional convention
  • Make full disclosure of financial and business interests, and notify the chamber of possible conflicts of interest when filing legislation of which they are authors

Sources: 1987 Philippine Constitution, Rappler article: Beyond legislation: Powers, roles of Philippine lawmakers

Research by Michelle Abad/Rappler.com

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