2022 Philippine Elections

Bayan Muna, Buhay, 9 others lose reelection bids in 2022 party-list race

Michael Bueza
Bayan Muna, Buhay, 9 others lose reelection bids in 2022 party-list race
(2nd UPDATE) Meanwhile, at least 15 party-list groups will enter the House of Representatives for the first time in the 19th Congress

MANILA, Philippines – Out of 177 party-list groups vying for just 63 seats in the House of Representatives, a total of 55 groups were proclaimed winners in the party-list race by the Commission on Elections (Comelec) on Thursday, May 26, based on the final, official canvass.

Not part of the winning circle are 11 incumbent party-list groups that lost their bids for reelection after not garnering enough votes for a House seat.

Among these groups are longtime Congress members Bayan Muna, Buhay Hayaang Yumabong, and the Democratic Independent Workers Association (DIWA).

Bayan Muna – which won three seats in 2019 – would not have party-list seats for the first time since 2001, Buhay since 2003, and DIWA since 2010. (See the House roster of legislators.)

The following also failed in their reelection bids:

  • Anak Mindanao or AMIN (in the House from 2003 to 2010, and since 2013)
  • A Teacher (since 2007)
  • Magdalo (since 2013)
  • Ako Padayon Pilipino (since 2019)
  • Bahay para sa Pamilyang Pilipino (since 2019)
  • OFW Family (since 2019)
  • Rural Electric Consumers and Beneficiaries of Development and Advancement or Recoboda (since 2019)
  • Rebolusyonaryong Alyansang Makabansa or RAM (since 2019)

Reelectionist group Trade Union Congress Party (TUCP) was initially in danger of losing, based on the unofficial count. (Editor’s Note: The first version of this story used partial, unofficial results, with 98.17% of precincts transmitting to the Comelec Transparency Server as of 12:05 pm on May 11.)

However, TUCP was buoyed by 25,607 votes from the 63 barangays in Cotabato province that opted to join the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. These vote counts, canvassed by Comelec on May 16, were not part of the unofficial count. On Thursday, TUCP was proclaimed at 51st place, winning one seat.

Reelected groups, neophytes

Reelectionist groups Tingog Sinirangan and Sagip garnered one more House seat each, to add to the seat they won in 2019. Meanwhile, five groups that won two seats in 2019 only won one this year: Ang Probinsyano, Citizens’ Battle Against Corruption or Cibac, Marino Samahan ng mga Seaman, Probinsyano Ako, and 1-Pacman.

At least 15 new groups will enter the House for the first time. In order of their rank in the final, official canvass, the new groups are:

  • Ang Buklod ng mga Motorista ng Pilipinas (1-Rider Partylist)
  • Pagtibayin at Palaguin ang Pangkabuhayang Pilipino (4PS)
  • Uswag Ilonggo
  • Tutok to Win
  • Agimat ng Masa (Agimat)
  • Agrikultura Ngayon Gawing Akma at Tama (Angat)
  • Abante Pangasinan-Ilokano Party (API)
  • Agri-Agra na Reporma Para sa Magsasaka ng Pilipinas (Agri)
  • Komunidad ng Pamilya Pasyente at Persons With Disabilities (P3PWD)
  • Ako Ilokano Ako (AIA)
  • Malasakit@Bayanihan
  • Bicol Saro
  • Pinatatag na Ugnayan para sa mga Oportunidad sa Pabahay ng Masa (Pinuno)
  • One Filipinos Worldwide Coalition Partylist (OFW)
  • Pusong Pinoy

Neophyte organization United Senior Citizen garnered enough votes and ranked 38 in the official count but was not yet proclaimed and given a House seat, pending the resolution of the case filed against the group.

Meanwhile, 40 party-list groups were reelected, including topnotcher ACT-CIS.

See the computation of the assignment of party-list seats in the table below, based on Comelec’s final, official canvass for the party-list elections.

How party-list seats are assigned

Article VI, Section 5(2) of the 1987 Constitution mandates that 20% of the total House membership be allocated to the party list. Given the 253 seats for district representatives – which is 80% of the House – this leaves 63 seats for party-list legislators.

The assignment of party-list seats follows the rules in the 2009 Supreme Court decision Banat vs. Comelec. Each winning party-list group can get up to a maximum of three seats.

In the first round, the groups that get at least 2% of the total party-list votes get one guaranteed seat.

Applying this to the final, official 2022 party-list results, six groups received one sure seat: ACT-CIS, 1-Rider, Tingog Sinirangan, 4PS, Ako Bicol, and Sagip.

Next, these "2-percenters" may earn additional seats by multiplying its vote share with the remaining seats not yet assigned at this point.

The resulting product will not be rounded up: only the whole number (or the digit at the left of the decimal point) will be used. For instance, if the resulting figure is 0.95121, this will not be rounded to 1, and that group will not earn an additional seat.

For the 2022 race so far, with 57 seats left to be filled, following this computation, ACT-CIS is supposed to get three more seats. But since there is a three-seat cap, it will only get two more. The other five "2-percenters" earned one more seat.

Finally, the groups with less than 2% of the total votes, in order of the votes they received, will win one seat each until all the remaining party-list seats are filled.

A total of 50 groups benefited from this windfall. – Rappler.com

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Michael Bueza

Michael is a data curator under Rappler's Tech Team. He works on data about elections, governance, and the budget. He also follows the Philippine pro wrestling scene and the WWE. Michael is also part of the Laffler Talk podcast trio.