House of Representatives

FAST FACTS: What does the House bill on charter change contain?

Dwight de Leon

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FAST FACTS: What does the House bill on charter change contain?

Guia Abogado/Rappler

The primary House bill on charter change proposes an election of constitutional convention delegates in October 2023, a seven-month term, a P10,000 daily pay for each member, and a mid- to end-2024 plebiscite to ratify the amendments they will come up with

MANILA, Philippines – The push to amend or revise the 1987 Constitution is rapidly gaining traction in the House of Representatives under the Marcos administration.

That’s even though President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. has said that charter change (Cha-Cha), is not a priority.

As of February 27, the main proposal in the lower chamber is an unnumbered accompanying bill to Resolution of Both Houses No. 06, which calls for charter change.

Here are the key provisions.

Method for Cha-Cha

There are a number of methods to amend or revise the Constitution:

  • a people’s initiative wherein at least 12% of the total number of registered voters, of which every legislative district is represented by at least 3% of voters, sign a petition
  • a constituent assembly where Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of its members, propose amendments or revisions
  • a constitutional convention, where delegates – elected and appointed – meet to propose amendments or revisions

The current proposal pushes for a constitutional convention route.


The constitutional convention will be composed of around 300 members, 20% of whom will be sectoral representatives.

There will be one delegate per legislative district, to be elected by the voting public. The House speaker and the Senate president, meanwhile, will jointly appoint the sectoral representatives.

The delegates shall include:

  • three retired members of the judiciary
  • three members of the academe
  • three representatives from the legal profession
  • two economists
  • two representatives from the medical profession
  • two representatives from the science and technology profession
  • two representatives from the business sector
  • two representatives from the labor sector
  • two representatives from the urban poor
  • two representatives from the farmers and fisherfolk sector
  • two representatives from indigenous cultural communities
  • two representatives from the women sector
  • two representatives from the youth sector
  • two veterans
  • two representatives from the senior citizens and persons with disabilities sector
Qualifications of delegates

A delegate must be:

  • a natural citizen of the Philippines
  • at least 25 years old on the day of election or appointment
  • a college degree holder
  • a registered voter in the district where he or she shall be elected
  • a resident of the district where he or she shall be elected for at least one year immediately preceding election day

Officers and members of all political formations are prohibited from nominating, fielding, endorsing, supporting, and campaigning for or against any candidate.

A delegate shall not represent a political party or group, and they are prohibited from running for office in the first elections to be held after the ratification of the proposed amendments.


Each delegate is entitled to a pay of P10,000 for every day of actual attendance, excluding travel and accommodation allowance. Terms will last seven months and 13 days.

House constitutional amendments committee chairman Rufus Rodriguez previously said that the constitutional convention will need a total of P5 billion for its operations.

FAST FACTS: What does the House bill on charter change contain?
Key dates

The bill sets the dates that lead to the submission of the convention report on the proposed amendments.

Under the proposal, delegates will be elected on October 30, 2023, simultaneous with the barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections. The conduct of this electoral exercise will cost P1.5 billion, Rodriguez previously said.

The delegates will convene as a constitutional convention on November 20, 2023 at 10 am. Their job will end on June 30, 2024.

The convention will have to submit its convention report to the President, Congress, and the Commission on Elections (Comelec) on or before July 30, 2024.

The amendments will be ratified through a plebiscite to be held 60 to 90 days after the convention report is submitted.

The plebiscite would cost around P3 billion, according to Rodriguez.

Where we are

As of February 27, the House is deliberating on plenary the resolution that calls for charter change.

The unnumbered bill, meanwhile, already hurdled the constitutional amendments committee, but it will still have to be deliberated on by the appropriations committee.

Follow Rappler’s coverage of the charter change push in the 19th Congress:


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Dwight de Leon

Dwight de Leon is a multimedia reporter who covers President Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the Malacañang, and the Commission on Elections for Rappler.